Results 1 - 7 of 7
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[en] The paper deals with the reliability modeling of the failure process of large and complex repairable equipment whose failure intensity shows a bathtub type non-monotonic behavior. A non-homogeneous Poisson process arising from the superposition of two power law processes is proposed, and the characteristics and mathematical details of the proposed model are illustrated. A graphical approach is also presented, which allows to determine whether the proposed model can adequately describe a given failure data. A graphical method for obtaining crude but easy estimates of the model parameters is then illustrated, as well as more accurate estimates based on the maximum likelihood method are provided. Finally, two numerical applications are given to illustrate the proposed model and the estimation procedures
[en] This paper deals with the statistical analysis, from a Bayes viewpoint, of the failure data of repairable mechanical units subjected to minimal repairs and periodic overhauls. A proportional age reduction model is assumed to model the effect of overhauls on the reliability of the unit, whereas the failure process between two successive overhaul epochs is modeled by the power law process. Point and interval estimation of model parameters, as well as of quantities of large interest, are provided on the basis of a number of suitable prior densities, which reflect different degrees of belief on the failure/repair process. Hypothesis tests on the effectiveness of performed overhauls are developed on the basis of Bayes factor, and some guidelines to perform sensitivity analysis versus the prior information are provided. Finally, a numerical application illustrates the proposed inference and testing procedures
[en] In many practical situations, repairable mechanical equipments are subjected to repair actions which significantly depart from both the minimal repair and the perfect maintenance assumptions. In this paper, two point processes are proposed, which allows the failure pattern of repairable equipments subjected to imperfect or hazardous maintenance and experiencing reliability improvement or worsening to be analyzed. Maximum likelihood estimators and testing procedures for the departure from minimal repair and perfect maintenance hypotheses are discussed. Numerical examples are also given to illustrate the use of the proposed models and procedures. Finally, results of a large simulation study are shown in order to assess the accuracy of the proposed inference and testing procedures for the small and moderate sample sizes encountered in practice
[en] This paper proposes the family of non-stationary inverse Gamma processes for modeling state-dependent deterioration processes with nonlinear trend. The proposed family of processes, which is based on the assumption that the “inverse” time process is Gamma, is mathematically more tractable than previously proposed state-dependent processes, because, unlike the previous models, the inverse Gamma process is a time-continuous and state-continuous model and does not require discretization of time and state. The conditional distribution of the deterioration growth over a generic time interval, the conditional distribution of the residual life and the residual reliability of the unit, given the current state, are provided. Point and interval estimation of the parameters which index the proposed process, as well as of several quantities of interest, are also discussed. Finally, the proposed model is applied to the wear process of the liners of some Diesel engines which was previously analyzed and proved to be a purely state-dependent process. The comparison of the inferential results obtained under the competitor models shows the ability of the Inverse Gamma process to adequately model the observed state-dependent wear process
[en] In this paper, a competing risk model is proposed to describe the reliability of the cylinder liners of a marine Diesel engine. Cylinder liners presents two dominant failure modes: wear degradation and thermal cracking. The wear process is described through a stochastic process, whereas the failure time due to the thermal cracking is described by the Weibull distribution. The use of the proposed model allows performing goodness-of-fit test and parameters estimation on the basis of both wear and failure data. Moreover, it enables reliability estimates of the state of the liners to be obtained and the hierarchy of the failure mechanisms to be determined for any given age and wear level of the liner. The model has been applied to a real data set: 33 cylinder liners of Sulzer RTA 58 engines, which equip twin ships of the Grimaldi Group. Estimates of the liner reliability and of other quantities of interest under the competing risk model are obtained, as well as the conditional failure probability and mean residual lifetime, given the survival age and the accumulated wear. Furthermore, the model has been used to estimate the probability that a liner fails due to one of the failure modes when both of these modes act.
[en] The non-stationary Gamma process is a widely used mathematical model to describe degradation phenomena whose growth rate at time t depends only on the current age of the item and not on the accumulated damage up to t. Nevertheless, the Gamma process is not a proper choice when there is empirical evidence that the variance-to-mean ratio of the process varies with time, because the Gamma process implies a constant variance-to-mean ratio. This paper proposes a generalization of the non-stationary Gamma process, which can be viewed as a time discretization of the extended Gamma process and allows one to describe time-dependent degradation phenomena whose variance varies with time t, not necessarily in proportion to the mean. A way to approximate the exact distribution of the degradation growth over a given time interval is given and a test for assessing whether the assumption of the Gamma process can be rejected or not is discussed. Finally, the proposed model is applied to a real dataset consisting of the sliding wear data of four metal alloy specimens.
[en] This paper aims to model the failure pattern of repairable systems in presence of explained and unexplained heterogeneity. The failure pattern of each system is described by a Power Law Process. Part of the heterogeneity among the patterns is explained through the use of a covariate, and the residual unexplained heterogeneity (random effects) is modeled via a joint probability distribution on the PLP parameters. The proposed approach is applied to a real set of failure time data of powertrain systems mounted on 33 buses employed in urban and suburban routes. Moreover, the joint probability distribution on the PLP parameters estimated from the data is used as an informative prior to make Bayesian inference on the future failure process of a generic system belonging to the same population and employed in an urban or suburban route under randomly chosen working conditions. - Highlights: • We describe the failure process of buses powertrain system subject to heterogeneity. • Heterogeneity due to different service types is explained by a covariate. • Random effect is modeled through a joint pdf on failure process parameters. • The powertrain reliability under new future operating conditions is estimated