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[en] Commercial buildings are generally cooling-dominated and therefore reject more heat to a vertical ground heat exchanger(GHE) than they extract over the annual cycle. Shallow ponds can provide a costeffective means to balance the thermal loads to the ground and to reduce the length of GHE. The objective of this work has been to develop a design tool for surface water heat exchanger(SWHE) submerged in shallow pond. This paper presents the analysis results of the impact of design parameters on the length of SWHE and its application effect on geothermal heat pump(GHP) system using vertical GHE. In order to analysis, We applied method on designing the length of SWHE. Analysis results show that the required pipe length of SWHE was decreased with the increase of approach temperature difference and with the decrease of pipe wall thickness. In addition, when the SWHE was applied to the GHP system, the temperature of vertical GHE was more stable than that of standalone GHE system.
[en] Geothermal heat pump (GHP) systems have been proved to be one of the most efficient systems for heating and cooling in buildings. However, an optimal energy performance depends on a good control of the system components, including heat pumps and circulation pumps, which affect to the total energy consumption of system. This paper presents the simulation results of the heat pump performance for two different control schemes, i.e. constant setting temperature (Control-A) and variable setting temperatures (Control-B) in buffer tank. A dynamic simulation tool, TRNSYS 17, was used to model the entire system and to assess the performance of the system. Simulation results show that the Control-B, which controls the temperature in buffer tank with outdoor air temperature, is a effective way to reduce the energy consumptions in heat pump (7.7%) and circulation pump (7.5%).
[en] This paper presents the measurement and analysis results for the performance of HGCHP system using a cooling tower as a supplemental heat rejector. In order to demonstrate the performance of the hybrid approach, we installed the monitoring equipments including sensors for measuring temperature and power consumption, and measured operation parameters from February 1, 2014 to February 28, 2015. Leaving load temperatures to building showed an average value of 11.7℃ for cooling and 39.5℃ for heating, respectively. From the analysis, the daily PF of hybrid GCHP system varied from 2.6 to 6.6 over the measurement period.
[en] This preliminary study investigated data mining-based methods to assess and predict the performance of geothermal heat pump(GHP) system. Data mining is a key process of the knowledge discovery in database (KDD), which includes five steps: 1) Selection; 2) Pre-processing; 3) Transformation; 4) Analysis(data mining); and 5) Interpretation/Evaluation. We used two analysis models, categorical and numerical decision tree models to ascertain the patterns of performance(COP) and electrical consumption of the GHP system. Prior to applying the decision tree models, we statistically analyzed measurement database to determine the effect of sampling intervals on the system performance. Analysis results showed that 10-min sampling data for the performance analysis had highest accuracy of 97.7% over the actual dataset of the GHP system.
[en] An experimental study on saturated flow boiling heat transfer of R113 was performed in a vertical rectangular channel with offset strip fins. Two-phase pressure gradients and boiling heat transfer coefficients in an electrically heated test section were measured for the quality range of 0-0.6, mass flux range of 17-43 kg/m2 s and heat flux of 500-3000 W/m2. Two-phase frictional multiplier was determined as a function of Martinelli parameter. The two-phase forced convective component of the local boiling heat transfer coefficient was found to be well correlated with the Reynolds number factor. A superposition method for the flow boiling heat transfer coefficient that included the contribution of saturated nucleate boiling was verified also for flow boiling in a channel with offset strip fins. The predictions of local flow boiling heat transfer coefficients were found to be in good agreement with experimental data