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[en] The C(t)-integral describes amplitude of stress and strain rate field near a tip of stationary crack under transient creep condition. Thus the C(t)-integral is a key parameter for the high-temperature crack assessment. Estimation formulae for C(t)-integral of the cracked component operating under mechanical load alone have been provided for decades. However, high temperature structures usually work under combined mechanical and thermal load. And no investigation has provided quantitative estimates for the C(t)-integral under combined mechanical and thermal load. In this study, 3-dimensional finite element analyses were conducted to calculate the C(t)-integral of elastic-creep material under combined mechanical and thermal load. As a result, redistribution time for the crack under combined mechanical and thermal load is re-defined through FE analyses to quantify the C(t)-integral. Estimates of C(t)-integral using this proposed redistribution time agree well with FE analyses results
[en] In this paper, J-integral and transient C(t)-integral, which were key parameters in low temperature and high temperature fracture mechanics, under combined thermal and mechanical load were estimated via 3-dimensional finite element analyses. Various type of thermal and mechanical load, material hardening were considered to decrease conservatism in existing solutions. As a results, V-factor and redistribution time for combined thermal and mechanical load were proposed to calculate J-integral and C(t)-integral, respectively.
[en] In this paper, the estimation method of C(t)-integral for combined mechanical and thermal loads is proposed for elastic-plastic-creep material via 3-dimensional FE analyses. Plasticity induced by initial loading makes relaxation rate different from those produced elastically. Moreover, the interactions between mechanical and thermal loads make the relaxation rate different from those produced under mechanical load alone. To quantify C(t)-integral for combined mechanical and thermal loads, the simplified formula are developed by modifying redistribution time in existing work done by Ainsworth et al..
[en] In the present paper, limit pressures for axial surface cracked pipe are proposed, and a reference stress based J estimation method is also provided based on the proposed limit pressure solutions. Employed cracks are assumed to be constant-depth, internal surface cracks, and wide ranges of variables are considered
[en] This paper provides simulational round robin test results for welding residual stress prediction of safety/relief nozzle. To quantify the welding variables and define the recommendation for prediction and determination of welding residual stress, 6 partners in 5 institutes participated in round robin test. It is concluded that compressive axial and hoop residual stress occurs in dissimilar metal weld and pre-existing residual stress distribution in dissimilar metal weld was affected by similar metal weld due to short length of safe end. Although the reason for the deviation among the results was not pursued further, the effect of several key elements of FE analyses on welding residual stress was investigated in this paper
[en] In this paper, results of simulational round robin test on residual stress prediction was provided. Welding residual stress is one of the reasons for primary water stress corrosion cracking in PWR. Therefore, quantifying the welding variables and defining the recommendation for prediction welding residual stress is important. Through the round robin test, it is known that compressive axial and hoop residual stress occurs in dissimilar metal weld and pre-existing residual stress distribution in dissimilar metal weld was affected by similar metal weld due to short length of safe end
[en] Pressure vessel that was currently used was partially corroded and patch was attached for repair. The analyses for current repaired pressure satisfied the design criteria of ASME Sec. III. However, the shell will be partly through corroded with the present corrosion speed during the time for next inspection. In this study, finite element analyses for feasible situations with corroded pressure vessel was performed based on design criteria (ASME Sec. III) and supplementary patch was proposed for reliable operating
[en] Recently, stress corrosion cracking(SCC) have been found in dissimilar metal welds of nozzles in some pressurized water reactors and on low carbon stainless steel piping systems of boiling water reactors. The important factor of SCC is the residual stress field caused by weld. For the evaluation of crack growth analysis due to SCC, stress intensity factor under a residual stress field should be estimated. Several solutions for stress intensity factor under residual stress field were recommended in flaw assessment codes such as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Section XI, R6, American Petroleum Institute (API579). Some relevant works have been studied. Dong et al. evaluated stress intensity factors in welded structures. Miyazaki et al. estimated stress intensity factors of surface crack in simple stress fields. This paper presents a simple method to estimate stress intensity factors in welding residual stress field. For general application, results of structure integrity assessment codes KI solutions were compared Finite element analyses of welding simulation and cracked pipes are described. Comparison results of KI solutions and proposed simplified solution are presented in the works
[en] In this study, we calculate the welding residual stresses for a butt-welded thin-walled plate by carrying out three dimensional finite-element analyses. To study the effect of mechanical boundary conditions on the welding residual stresses, various boundary conditions are considered. The welding residual stresses obtained in the measurements and finite-element analyses are validated by comparing them with the welding residual stress profiles in the R6 code. The results of this study are used to analyze the influence of residual stress on the crack formation in thin-section weldments
[en] In this paper, welding residual stresses for butt weld of thin-walled plate are calculated based on 3- dimensional finite element analyses. To study the effect of mechanical boundary condition on welding residual stresses, various boundary conditions are considered. Predicted welding residual stresses are validated existing results of measurements and finite element analyses and compared with welding residual stress profile in the R6 code. The results of this work are expected to be used in assessment of the crack in weldment.