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[en] The equilibria bifurcations of the biparametric version of the classical Pierce diode, a one-dimensional plasma-filled device, are analyzed in detail. Our investigation reveals that this spatiotemporal model is not structurally stable in relation to a second control parameter, the ratio of the plasma ion density to the injected electron beam density. For the first time, we relate the existence of one-fluid chaotic regions with specific biparametric equilibria bifurcations, identifying the restricted regions in the parametric plane where they occur. We show that the system presents several biparametric scenarios involving codimension-two transcritical bifurcations. Finally, we provide the spatial profile of the stable and unstable one-fluid equilibria in order to describe their metamorphoses.
[en] We investigate multistability and global bifurcations in the general standard map, a biparametric two-dimensional map. Departing from the conservative case of the map, we describe the evolution of periodic solutions and their basins of attraction as dissipation builds up, paying special attention on how the biparametric variation affects multistability. We examine general and specific phenomena and behavior for three distinct dynamical regimes, namely small, moderate, and large damping and different forcing amplitudes. Also, we report numerically the mechanism of global bifurcations associated to small chaotic attractors in the multistable system. Several global bifurcations are investigated as dissipation increases. Specifically, through the characterization of an interior, a merging and a boundary crisis, we study the crucial role played by fundamental hyperbolic invariant structures, such as unstable periodic orbits and their stable and unstable invariant manifolds, in the mechanisms by which the phase space is globally transformed.
[en] This contribution deals with fast Earth–Moon transfers with ballistic capture in the patched three-body model. We compute ensembles of preliminary solutions using a model that takes into account the relative inclination of the orbital planes of the primaries. The ballistic capture orbits around the Moon are obtained relying on the hyperbolic invariant structures associated to the collinear Lagrangian points of the Earth–Moon system, and the Sun–Earth system portion of the transfers are quasi-periodic orbits obtained by a genetic algorithm. The trajectories are designed to be good initial guesses to search optimal cost-efficient short-time Earth–Moon transfers with ballistic capture in more realistic models.