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[en] In its report in October 2018, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) emphasized that the share of nuclear power in the world's energy mix must increase. It pointed out the major obstacle to doing this: 'The current deployment pace of nuclear energy is constrained by social acceptability [...]. Though comparative risk assessment shows health risks are low [...], the political processes triggered by societal concerns depend on the country-specific means of managing the political debates around technological choices and their environmental impacts'. Unprecedented efforts are being made to move civilization from one model to another within a single generation. Societal obstruction stems, as the report recalls, from erroneous perceptions. Overcoming it, which would open the way for rapid, significant advances, should be a priority, which is not now the case. The parties in charge of lifting these obstacles seem to have made them heavier. A few persons (in particular members of the association Voix du Nucleaire) have decided to tackle the herculean feat of, above all, 'informing', a task that most stakeholders have sidestepped. Will our children realize that we knew this choice was difficult and that this was the reason for doing something? (author)
[en] After an opening speech, contributions to this conference discussed the investments in nuclear power as a condition to achieve the climate goals, competitiveness and energy security in the Energy Union. A first round table addressed how to value investment projects, discussed what is happening in the sector, what are our strengths in the export process, and what are States and Commission doing to promote them. A second round table addressed the issue of investments in human capital, R and D and innovation. Contributions describe actions and policies implemented in Russia on this issue of investments in nuclear energy. A last round table discussed the reform of the European market for long-term investment. A journal proposes another form of publication of these contributions and debates.