Results 1 - 3 of 3
Results 1 - 3 of 3. Search took: 0.015 seconds
|Sort by: date | relevance|
[en] In plasma source ion implantation, the sample is immersed in a plasma and biased negative with high voltage pulses. In the present investigation, the back ground plasma is not used; rather the pulse bias on the sample and the pressure is adjusted in such a way so that it generates the plasma for implantation. Using the present technique one can eliminate the high hardware costs incurred for external plasma source and also it is possible to avoid the etching and oxidation as the plasma exists for very short duration in comparison to traditional PSII. (author)
[en] The high voltage dc pulsed glow discharge can be ignited earlier by putting an electron emitting filament in the plasma chamber. The electrons emitted from the filament act as a seed and can cause earlier ignition. The potential of the hot filament shows some periodic positive perturbations (electron loss signals) when it is kept floating in the plasma chamber. It is observed that the positive perturbations disappear as potential difference between the plasma and the filament is made smaller by directly connecting the filament to the grounded chamber
[en] The increased requirements of payload capacity of the satellites have resulted in much higher power requirements of the satellites. In order to minimize the energy loss during power transmission due to cable loss, use of high voltage solar panels becomes necessary. When a satellite encounters space plasma it floats negatively with respect to the surrounding space plasma environment. At high voltage, charging and discharging on solar panels causes the power system breakdown. Once a solar panel surface is charged and potential difference between surface insulator and conductor exceeds certain value, electrostatic discharge (ESD) may occur. This ESD may trigger a secondary arc that can destroy the solar panel circuit. ESD is also called as primary or minor arc and secondary is called major arc. The energy of minor arc is supplied by the charge stored in the coverglass of solar array and is a pulse of typically several 100 ns to several 100 μs duration. The damage caused by minor arc is less compared to major arcs, but it is observed that the minor arc is cause of major arc. Therefore it is important to develop an understanding of minor arc and mitigation techniques. In this paper we present a linear circuit analysis for minor arcs on solar panels. To study arcing event, a ground experimental facility to simulate space plasma environment has been developed at Facilitation Centre for Industrial Plasma Technologies (Institute for Plasma Research) in collaboration with Indian Space Research Organization's ISRO Satellite Technology Centre (ISAC). A linear circuit model has been developed to explain the experimental results by representing the coverglass, solar cell interconnect and wiring by an LCR circuit and the primary arc by an equivalent LR circuit. The aim of the circuit analysis is to predict the arc current which flows through the arc plasma. It is established from the model that the current depends on various parameters like potential difference between insulator and conductor, arc resistance, stored charge in the solar cell coverglass and the external capacitor that simulates wire harness. A close correlation between the experiments and circuit model results has been observed.