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[en] Sweden has 12 nuclear power reactors with a total installed capacity of around 10 GW electricity. About 6000 persons are annually occupied in the operation and maintenance of those reactors. The Swedish Radiation Protection Institute is the regulatory authority for radiation protection in general in Sweden and for occupational radiation protection at nuclear installations in particular. In this paper the author discusses recent experience in the area of occupational dose control as regards the Swedish reactors and gives some information on the Swedish legislation regarding occupational radiation protection. (author). 8 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab
[en] The UAE was the first Newcomer country to start building a large nuclear power plant in three decades: The Nuclear Construction of four units of the Barakah Nuclear Power Plant started simultaneously in 2012 - Sets a role model globally by achieving in a record time requirements needed to ensure its nuclear infrastructure was capable to support the programme through the highest levels on nuclear safety, security and non proliferation; The FANR issued also regulations for onsite as well as offsite nuclear emergency preparedness and response, and the combined onsite and offsite arrangements were put in place. EPREV including the follow up done; The country builds its national capacity for a sustainable operation simultaneously. Simulators in FANR and at site. Online monitoring of plant parameters are available at FANR as well as laboratories and monitoring systems; Highly experienced regulatory experts support the program in headquarter in Abu Dhabi and at site office in Barakah. Steps taken by FANR - Initial phase: The creation of the necessary skills and legally binding requirements for the safe siting, construction and design of the reactors to be built as well as for the needed security and non-proliferation arrangements; Evaluation: FANR evaluated the project based on a two step process, first construction license and then the operating license. This included further innovative design enhancements to address extreme conditions related to severe phenomena inside and outside the reactors. Systematic documentation and knowledge management built at FANR; Enhancement: Environmental effects on the reactors, as well as additional cooling and power supply measures enhanced. UAE specific factors and Fukushima impact. Making the most of synergy: The government signed international agreements & conventions supporting the programme developments; The agreements with the country of origin regulatory bodies which allowed FANR to leverage the work of the Korean regulators to license the reference plant in Korea, the Shin Kori 3 and 4 reactors; Support of the IAEA was instrumental in ensuring that the FANR approach to regulation kept with the best international practices; A pool of international experienced experts work hand in hand with local staff to develop regulations, conduct assessments and do inspections. Also the competence based framework for training and mentoring is essential for sustainability of FANR as a recognized nuclear regulator worldwide; FANR has over 30 agreements with international organizations & other regulatory bodies to exchange technical knowledge & build national capacity.
[en] Some lessons learnt: FANR has gone from TSO dependence to independence of TSO support in licensing and inspection; FANR developed Emirati capacities and expertise in nuclear safety, security, safeguards, radiation protection and emergency preparedness; Established early on IMS to support the staff in doing things the 'FANR way'; Implemented efficiency gains based on lessons learnt from licensing of unit I to licensing of unit 2; FANR licensing has authorized regulated activities on a time line and in a manner that is consistent with the readiness and needs of the owner/operator as it has progressed through siting, construction, receipt of nuclear material, and finally to operations. Some concluding remark: Importance of having a strong national strategy in place before embarking on establishing the nuclear program and its regulatory infrastructure.; The development of the legal, regulatory and support infrastructure to follow a project management approach tuned to the NPP development plan.; The adaptation of the regulatory framework to country specific conditions, and that technical and regulatory competence are built in the country.; Continuing dialogue and coordination with the implementer needed throughout the development, as well as transparency towards the public and international community.
[en] The Multinational Design Evaluation Programme (MDEP) is a unique multinational initiative leveraging the resources and knowledge of national regulators to review new reactor designs. The programme celebrated its 10. anniversary in 2006 and is recognised as an effective framework for regulatory co-operation and harmonisation. Over the first 10 years of its existence, MDEP has published 24 common positions and 13 technical reports. In 2015, the MDEP members extended the cooperation period from the end of 2017 to the end of 2022, focusing on its core mission of collaborating on new reactor design-specific activities. The scope of MDEP has been extended in 2016 to incorporate commissioning and early phase operation as MDEP areas of co-operation. At this important milestone, MDEP was willing to gather feedback on its current activities and discuss its future. To this end, MDEP organised its fourth MDEP conference. The event provided a forum for MDEP stakeholders (including industry representatives, standard development organisations and other international organisations) to share the results of their engagement with the programme and to deliver presentations on ongoing activities related to new reactor licensing. The two-day conference included sessions on codes and standards harmonisation, digital instrumentation and controls, supply chain regulatory issues and vendor inspection co-operation, influence of MDEP interactions on reactor designs safety, commissioning activities and perspectives for MDEP. This document gathers the presentations (slides) given at the 4. MDEP conference