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[en] CO adsorption on small Aun (n = 1 — 7) clusters which are supported by a partially reduced rutile TiO2(110) surface has been investigated by the first-principles method. The low coordinated sites of Au clusters are favorable for CO adsorption. CO—Aun—TiO2 system displays surface magnetism. There is a strong interaction between the adsorbed CO molecule and the supported Au clusters. (condensed matter: structural, mechanical, and thermal properties)
[en] The structural and magnetic properties of Fen−mGam (n = 3 ∼ 6, m = 0 ∼ 2; n = 13, m = 0 ∼ 3) alloy clusters have been studied using density functional theory. The substitutional doping is favourable for small clusters with up to six atoms at low Ga concentration and substitutional Ga atoms in 13-atom clusters prefer surface sites. The Ga-doping generally could reduce the energetic stability but enhance the electronic stability of Fe clusters, along with a decrease of the local magnetic moments of Fe atoms around Ga dopants. These findings provide a microscopic insight into Fe—Ga alloys which are well-known magnetostriction materials. (condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties)
[en] Dynamic F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET can be used to quantitatively assess the rate of myocardial glucose uptake (MRGlu). The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance and prognostic value of right ventricular (RV) MRGlu in patients with coronary artery disease and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 40% were consecutively enrolled for FDG PET between November 2012 and May 2017. Global LV and RV MRGlu (μmol/min/100 g) were analyzed. Outcome events were independently assessed using electronic medical records to determine hospitalization for revascularization, new-onset ischemic events, heart failure, cardiovascular, and all-cause death. Differences between LV and RV MRGlu and associations with clinical characteristics and echocardiographic data were evaluated. Associations among FDG PET findings and outcomes were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Seventy-five patients (mean age 62.2 ± 12.7 years, male 85.3%, LVEF 19.3 ± 8.6%) were included for analysis. The mean glucose utilization ratio of RV-to-LV (RV/LV MRGlu) was 89.5 ± 264.9% (r = 0.77, p < 0.001). Positive correlations between RV MRGlu and maximal tricuspid regurgitation peak gradient (r = 0.28, p = 0.033) and peak tricuspid regurgitation jet velocity (r = 0.29, p = 0.021) were noted. LVEF was positively correlated with LV MRGlu (r = 0.27, p = 0.018), but negatively correlated with end-diastolic volume (r = − 0.37, p = 0.001), end-systolic volume (r = − 0.54, p < 0.001), and RV/LV MRGlu (r = − 0.40, p < 0.001). However, RV MRGlu was not well correlated with LVEF. Forty-three patients received revascularization procedures after FDG PET, and 13 patients died in a mean follow-up period of 496 ± 453 days (1–1788 days), including nine cardiovascular deaths. Higher RV and LV MRGlu values, LVEF ≤ 16% and LV end-diastolic volume ≥ 209 ml of gated-PET were associated with poor overall survival and cardiac outcomes. In patients with coronary artery disease and ischemic cardiomyopathy, RV glucose utilization was positively correlated with RV pressure overload, but not LVEF. Global LV and RV MRGlu, LVEF, and LV end-diastolic volume showed significant prognostic value.