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[en] According to the characteristic and development trend of nuclear power enterprise informatization, combined with the general ERP implementation experience, the method is proposed to ensure the successful implementation and risk management of ERP project in nuclear power enterprise. (authors)
[en] Based on Poisson equation for pressure, a nodal numerical scheme is developed for the time-dependent, incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. Derivation is based on local transverse-integrations over finite size brick-like cells that transform each partial differential equation to a set of ordinary differential equations (ODEs). Solutions of these ODEs for the transverse-averaged dependent variables are then utilized to develop the difference scheme. The discrete variables are scalar velocities and pressure, averaged over the faces of brick-like cells in the (x,y,t) space. Cell-interior variation of transverse-averaged pressure in each spatial direction is quadratic. Cell-interior variation of transverse-averaged velocity in each spatial direction is a sum of a constant, a linear and an exponential term. Due to the introduction of delayed coefficients, the exponential functions are to be evaluated only once at each time step. The semi-implicit scheme has inherent upwinding. Results of applications to several test problems show that the scheme is very robust and leads to a second-order error. As expected in such coarse-mesh schemes, even relatively large size cells lead to small errors. Extension to three dimensions is straightforward
[en] Alkyl polyglycoside (APG), a nonionic surfactant, is often considered to be a green surfactant and is synthesized using glucose and long chain fatty alcohols. It is used as a degumming agent of Bombyx mori silk fibre in this study for the first time. We studied APG systematically in comparison to the traditional degumming methods, such as aqueous solutions of sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) and neutral soap (NS). After repeatedly boiling silk fibres in an aqueous solution of 0.25% APG three times for 30 min and using a bath ratio of 1:90–120 (g/mL), sericin was completely removed from the fibre. SDS-PAGE showed that the degumming in APG did not induce an evident breakage of the silk fibroin peptide chains, including the light chain and P25 protein. The tensile properties, thermal analysis, and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) observation of the degummed fibroin fibre all show that APG is a degumming agent similar to NS and far superior to Na2CO3. These results indicate that APG is an environment-friendly silk degumming/refining agent in the silk textile industry and in the manufacture of silk floss quilts. - Graphical abstract: APG has potential uses as a green degumming/refining reagent for silkworm cocoons or silk fibres in the silk industry and for sericulture production. Display Omitted
[en] We propose to accommodate economically the type-II neutrino seesaw mechanism in (G)NMSSM from GMSB and AMSB, respectively. The heavy triplets within neutrino seesaw mechanism are identified to be the messengers. Therefore, the μ-problem, the neutrino mass generation, LFV as well the soft SUSY breaking parameters can be economically combined in a non-trivial way. General features of such extensions are discussed. The type-II neutrino seesaw-specific interactions can give additional Yukawa deflection contributions to the soft SUSY breaking parameters of NMSSM, which are indispensable to realize successful EWSB and accommodate the 125 GeV Higgs. Relevant numerical results, including the constraints of dark matter and possible LFV processes l→lγ etc, are also given. We find that our economical type-II neutrino seesaw mechanism extension of NMSSM from AMSB or GMSB can lead to realistic low energy NMSSM spectrum, both admitting the 125 GeV Higgs as the lightest CP-even scalar. The possibility of the 125 GeV Higgs being the next-to-lightest CP-even scalar in GMSB-type scenario is ruled out by the constraints from EWSB, collider and precision measurements. The possibility of the 125 GeV Higgs being the next-to-lightest CP-even scalar in AMSB-type scenario is ruled out by dark matter direct detection experiments. Possible constraints from LFV processes l→lγ can give an upper bound for the messenger scale.
[en] The growth mechanism of the intermetallic Al_2Au phase in the Al–Au system during the process of soldering is investigated by a multiphase phase-field model. With the aid of the assessed thermodynamic data (Li et al., 2004), the binary phase diagram of the Al–Au system is reconstructed by assuming a regular solution model for the intermetallic Al_2Au phase. The simulation setup is composed by placing an Al-liquid droplet on top of an Au-solid substrate. To capture the phase boundary evolution of the droplet and substrate interface with respect to the surrounding vacuum phase, the binary phase diagram is extended to a ternary model system at one particular temperature between the melting points of Al and Au. Due to diffusion of Al and Au at the droplet/substrate interface, intermetallic phase is formed. In simulations, we investigate the lateral and vertical growth velocities of the intermetallic phase as a function of the surface energy of liquid–intermetallic. Further, the instability of the liquid(Al)–solid(Au) interface is analyzed by examining the shrinking speed of the liquid–solid interface affected by the diffusivity of Au
[en] Carrying out correlation analysis between the eU of spectrometry and activated charcoal Rn, the authors put forward a depth judgement index and a comprehensive evaluation index for quantitatively evaluating activated charcoal Rn anomaly. This method was applied for uranium prospecting and good results were obtained
[en] Infrasound detection of nuclear explosion is one of important detection methods of nuclear explosion. The software of the infrasound detection system programmed by Visual C++ is introduced. Moreover, the structural principle and working process of the detection system are discussed briefly, and the structure of software is provided. Furthermore, the classes and their hierarchy are analyzed emphatically
[en] Subsidence of a foundation caused by liquefaction of sandy soil is a critical step in the creation of a building. Seven measured indicators of soil liquefaction in the course of an earthquake were selected as key impacting indicators that predict subsidence of a building. These indicators are the earthquake intensity EI, length–height ratio L/H, average contact pressure p, width-depth ratio, relative density DR, thickness of the non-liquefied layer, and the depth of the gravel layer. Furthermore, as a probabilistic machine learning kernel and powerful tool for solving highly nonlinear problems, Gaussian process regression (GPR model) can meet execution time requirements and assure a high level of precision of subsidence prediction due to the intrinsic defects of theoretical analysis and numerical calculation. A total of 41 groups of typical cases were first selected as a training sample and 20 groups of typical cases were defined as a test sample, where these cases possess input test value and were obtained at the yield of the prediction accuracy from the GPR model. Next, the PLS method, MLR method and LSSVM method were selected to verify the validity and reliability of the GPR model. Finally, the simulation result shows that the GPR model can improve the prediction precision for the case of the above problems and is of great value for practical applications.
[en] A modified nodal integral method (MNIM) for two-dimensional, time-dependent Navier-Stokes equations is extended to three dimensions. The nodal integral method is based on local transverse integrations over finite size cells that reduce each partial differential equation to a set of ordinary differential equations (ODEs). Solutions of these ODEs in each cell for the transverse-averaged dependent variables are then utilized to develop the difference schemes. The discrete variables are scalar velocities and pressure, averaged over the faces of bricklike cells. The development of the MNIM is different from the conventional nodal method in two ways: (a) it is Poisson-type pressure equation based and (b) the convection terms are retained on the left side of the transverse-integrated equations and thus contribute to the homogeneous part of the solution. The first feature leads to a set of symmetric transverse-integrated equations for all the velocities, and the second feature yields distributions of constant + linear + exponential form for the transverse-averaged velocities. The scheme is tested on three-dimensional lid-driven cavity problems in cube- and prism-shaped cavities. Results obtained using the MNIM on fairly coarse meshes are comparable with reference solutions obtained using much finer meshes
[en] Highlights: • Graphene (GR) remarkably promoted the photoelectrochemical activity of CdS QDs. • MIP enhanced the photoelectrochemical response of CdS-GR to 4-aminophenol. • A visible-light photoelectrochemical sensor for 4-aminophenol was constructed. • MIP/CdS-GR photoelectrochemical sensor provided high sensitivity and selectivity. - Abstract: A novel visible-light photoelectrochemical sensor was prepared based on FTO electrode modified with CdS quantum dots (QDs), graphene (GR) and molecularly imprinted polypyrrole (MIP). The electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) indicated that GR facilitated the electron transfer of CdS modified electrode. Small amount of GR doped in CdS film could dramatically improve the photoelectrochemical response of modified electrode under visible-light illumination. While a MIP layer of 4-aminophenol was deposited on CdS-GR nanocomposites modified electrode, the photocurrent response to 4-aminophenol on the modified electrode was obviously promoted due to the specific binding of MIP with 4-aminophenol. The photoelectrochemical response was linearly proportional to the concentration of 4-aminophenol in the range of 5.0 × 10−8 mol L−1 to 3.5 × 10−6 mol L−1, with a detection limit (3S/N) of 2.3 × 10−8 mol L−1. Moreover, the MIP/CdS-GR modified FTO electrode showed excellent selectivity. The proposed visible-light photoelectrochemical sensor based on MIP/CdS-GR/FTO provided a feasible tool for rapid, sensitive and selective determination of 4-aminophenol