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[en] We have developed a resin phase spectrophotometric method to determine the amount of beryllium by detecting a change in absorbance of the resin phase. 8-Hydroxynaphthalene-3,6-disulphonic acid-(1-azo-2')-1',8'-dihydroxynaphthalene-3',6'-disulphonic acid tetrasodium salt (beryllon II) immobilized by a strong base anion-exchange resin on the end of a bifurcated optical fibre bundle was chosen as a material sensitive to beryllium. Experiments were made using a home-made optical fiber spectrophotometer. The properties of the resin phase proved to be good for continual use of 350 times during a month. The reaction order between immobilized beryllon II and beryllium in solution was determined by kinetic theory and experiments. This method was also used to determine the amount of beryllium in beryllium-copper alloy; the response was linear from 0.43 to 2.60 μg/ml at pH 12.5 and 676 nm. The effect of interfering ions on the determination of beryllium was studied at the same time. (Author)
[en] We present a spectral analysis of the NuSTAR and XMM-Newton observations of the Seyfert 1h galaxy/ULIRG IRAS 05189–2524 taken in 2013. We find evidence for relativistic disk reflection in the broadband X-ray spectrum: a highly asymmetric broad Fe Kα emission line extending down to 3 keV and a Compton scattering component above 10 keV. Physical modeling with a self-consistent disk reflection model suggests that the accretion disk is viewed at an intermediate angle with a supersolar iron abundance, and a mild constraint can be put on the high-energy cutoff of the power-law continuum. We test the disk reflection modeling under different absorption scenarios. A rapid black hole spin is favored; however, we cannot place a model-independent tight constraint on the value. The high reflection fraction ( 2.0–3.2) suggests that the coronal illuminating source is compact and close to the black hole (lying within 8.7 above the central black hole), where light-bending effects are important.
[en] In this paper, hollow hematite nano-polyhedrons (Fe-HNPs) were synthesized via a facile solution route. The abundance of high indexed facets was demonstrated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. A new electrochemical biosensor for nitrite determination was then proposed by using the hematite hollow nanopolyhedron as the sensing layer. Electrochemical tests showed that the Fe-HNPs could act as efficient enzyme-like electron mediators for nitrite oxidation. As a result, the Fe2O3 modified biosensor exhibited excellent performance for the determination of nitrite with a response time of <10 s, linear range between 0.009 and 3 mM, and sensitivity as 19.83 μA mM−1. A high selectivity and long-term stability toward nitrite oxidation in the presence of glucose and L-ascorbic (AA) was also observed at their maximum physiological concentrations, which made this novel Fe2O3 nanomaterial bounded with high indexed facets promising for sensing applications in medicine, biotechnology and environmental chemistry.
[en] We investigated spin Hall magnetoresistance in FeMn/Pt bilayers, which was found to be one order of magnitude larger than that of heavy metal and insulating ferromagnet or antiferromagnet bilayer systems, and comparable to that of NiFe/Pt bilayers. The spin Hall magnetoresistance shows a non-monotonic dependence on the thicknesses of both FeMn and Pt. The former can be accounted for by the thickness dependence of net magnetization in FeMn thin films, whereas the latter is mainly due to spin accumulation and diffusion in Pt. Through analysis of the Pt thickness dependence, the spin Hall angle, spin diffusion length of Pt and the real part of spin mixing conductance were determined to be 0.2, 1.1 nm, and 5.5 × 10"1"4 Ω"−"1m"−"2, respectively. The results corroborate the spin orbit torque effect observed in this system recently.
[en] We report on the observation of stable electrical oscillation in Pt/vanadium dioxide (VO2) bilayer strips, in which the Pt overlayer serves the dual purposes of heating up the VO2 and weakening the electric field in the VO2 layer. Systematic measurements in an ultrahigh vacuum nanoprobe system show that the oscillation frequency increases with the bias current and/or with decreasing device dimension. In contrast to most VO2-based oscillators reported to date, which are electrically triggered, current-induced Joule heating in the Pt overlayer is found to play a dominant role in the generation of oscillation in Pt/VO2 bilayers. A simple model involving thermally triggered transition of VO2 on a heat sink is able to account for the experimental observations. The results in this work provide an alternative view of the triggering mechanism in VO2-based oscillators
[en] We report on a Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) observation of the recently discovered bright black hole candidate MAXI J1535-571. NuSTAR observed the source on MJD 58003 (five days after the outburst was reported). The spectrum is characteristic of a black hole binary in the hard state. We observe clear disk reflection features, including a broad Fe Kα line and a Compton hump peaking around 30 keV. Detailed spectral modeling reveals a narrow Fe Kα line complex centered around 6.5 keV on top of the strong relativistically broadened Fe Kα line. The narrow component is consistent with distant reflection from moderately ionized material. The spectral continuum is well described by a combination of cool thermal disk photons and a Comptonized plasma with the electron temperature keV. An adequate fit can be achieved for the disk reflection features with a self-consistent relativistic reflection model that assumes a lamp-post geometry for the coronal illuminating source. The spectral fitting measures a black hole spin , inner disk radius , and a lamp-post height (statistical errors, 90% confidence), indicating no significant disk truncation and a compact corona. Although the distance and mass of this source are not currently known, this suggests the source was likely in the brighter phases of the hard state during this NuSTAR observation.
[en] TNF-α has been shown to be involved in cardiac dysfunction during ischemia/reperfusion injury; however, no information regarding the status of TNF-α production in myocardial injury due to intracellular Ca2+-overload is available in the literature. The intracellular Ca2+-overload was induced in the isolated rat hearts subjected to 5 min Ca2+-depletion and 30 min Ca2+-repletion (Ca2+-paradox). The Ca2+-paradox hearts exhibited a dramatic depression in left ventricular developed pressure, a marked elevation in left ventricular end diastolic pressure, and more than a 4-fold increase in TNF-α content. The ratio of cytosolic to homogenate nuclear factor-κB (NFκB) was decreased whereas the ratio of phospho-NFκB to total NFκB was increased in the Ca2+-paradox hearts. All these changes due to Ca2+-paradox were significantly attenuated upon treating the hearts with 100 μM pentoxifylline. These results suggest that activation of NFκB and increased production of TNF-α may play an important role in cardiac injury due to intracellular Ca2+-overload
[en] Though significant associations between particulate matter (PM) air pollution and cardiovascular diseases have been widely reported, it remains unclear what characteristics, such as particle size and chemical constituents, may be responsible for the effects. A time-series model was applied to examine the cardiovascular effects of particle size (for the period of 2009–2011) and chemical constituents (2007–2010) in Guangzhou, we controlled for potential confounders in the model, such as time trends, day of the week, public holidays, meteorological factors and influenza epidemic. We found significant associations of cardiovascular mortality with PM_1_0, PM_2_._5 and PM_1; the excess risk (ER) was 6.10% (95% CI: 1.76%, 10.64%), 6.11% (95% CI: 1.76%, 10.64%) and 6.48% (95% CI: 2.10%, 11.06%) for per IQR increase in PM_1_0, PM_2_._5 and PM_1 at moving averages for the current day and the previous 3 days (lag_0_3), respectively. We did not find significant effects of PM_2_._5_-_1_0 and PM_1_-_2_._5. For PM_2_._5 constituents, we found that organic carbon, elemental carbon, sulfate, nitrate and ammonium were significantly associated with cardiovascular mortality, the corresponding ER for an IQR concentration increase at lag_0_3 was 1.13% (95% CI: 0.10%, 2.17%), 2.77% (95% CI: 0.72%, 4.86%), 2.21% (95% CI: 1.05%, 3.38%), 1.98% (95% CI: 0.54%, 3.44%), and 3.38% (95% CI: 1.56%, 5.23%), respectively. These results were robust to adjustment of other air pollutants and they remained consistent in various sensitivity analyses by changing model parameters. Our study suggests that PM_1 and constituents from combustion and secondary aerosols might be important characteristics of PM pollution associated with cardiovascular mortality in Guangzhou. - Highlights: • PM_1_0, PM_2_._5 and PM_1 were significantly associated with cardiovascular mortality. • We did not find significant cardiovascular effects of PM_2_._5_-_1_0 and PM_1_-_2_._5. • PM_1 might be most responsible for cardiovascular effects of PM pollution. • Constituents from combustion and secondary aerosols might be harmful PM components. - This study suggests that PM_1 and chemical constituents (OC, EC, sulfate, nitrate and ammonium) might be important characteristics of PM pollution associated with cardiovascular mortality in Guangzhou.