Results 1 - 10 of 12
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[en] To develop the sustained drug release system, here we describe genipin-inducing interlayer-crosslinked micelles crosslinked via Schiff bases between the amines of amphiphilic linear-hyperbranched polymer poly(ethylene glycol)-branched polyethylenimine-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PEG-PEI-PCL) and genipin. The generation of Schiff bases was confirmed by the color changes and UV-Vis absorption spectra of polymeric micelles after adding genipin. The particle size, morphology, stability, in vitro cytotoxicity, drug loading capacity, and in vitro drug release behavior of crosslinked micelles as well as non-crosslinked micelles were characterized. The results indicated that genipin-inducing interlayer-crosslinked micelles had better stability and biocompatibility than non-crosslinked micelles and glutaraldehyde-inducing interlayer-crosslinked micelles. In addition, genipin-inducing interlayer-crosslinked micelles were able to improve drug loading capacity, reduce the initial burst release, and achieve sustained drug release.
[en] To improve the stability of polymeric micelles, here we describe interlayer-crosslinked micelles prepared from star-shaped copolymer via click chemistry. The formation of interlayer-crosslinked micelles was investigated and confirmed by proton nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and fluorescence spectroscopy. The morphology of un-crosslinked micelles and crosslinked micelles observed by transmission electron microscope is both uniform nano-sized spheres (approximately 20 nm). The crosslinking enhances the stability of polymeric micelles and improves the drug loading capacity of polymeric micelles. The interlayer-crosslinked micelles prepared from star-shaped copolymer and a crosslinker containing a disulfide bond are reduction-responsive and can release the drug quickly in the presence of the reducing agents such as glutathione (GSH).
[en] To balance the stability and the particle size of polymeric micelles, star-shaped copolymers Hx-yne-N3-PEG containing both alkynyl and azido groups were synthesized from hyperbranched 2,2-bismethylolpropionic acid polyester (H20 with 16 hydroxyl, H30 with 32 hydroxyl, H40 with 64 hydroxyl) to develop interlayer-crosslinked micelles by click chemistry. The results of dynamic light scattering indicate that the crosslinking could enhance the stability of polymeric micelles. The crosslinked micelles are regular nanosized (approximately 20 nm) spheres observed by a transmission electron microscope. The crosslinked micelles have better drug loading capacity and more sustained drug release behavior than the un-crosslinked micelles. (paper)
[en] Amphiphilic graft polymer PSS-g-Pal/PEG with reduction breakable main chain was synthesized via click polymerization of dialkynyl (containing disulfide bond) and diazide (containing pendant diol) and one-pot grafting onto of hydrophobic palmitate (Pal) and hydrophilic methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). PSS-g-Pal/PEG is able to form polymeric micelles by self-assembly in water via dialysis. Polymeric micelles are nano-sized spheres and the particle size is approximately 70 nm. Of note, polymeric micelles are reduction-responsive owing to the disulfide bonds in main chain of PSS-g-Pal/PEG. Therefore, polymeric micelles prepared from amphiphilic graft polymer PSS-g-Pal/PEG are able to fast release the drugs in the presence of the reducing agents such as DL-dithiothreitol (DTT).
[en] Based on the analysis of regional geology in Qimantage area, the condition for uranium mineralization is summarized in regional geology setting, volcanic, granite and faults. This study shows that this area has favorable prospect for uranium mineralization. The metallogenic model is built up according to the controlling factors over uranium mineralization. Under this model, six potential areas are predicted in MRAS software with mineralization factors of synthetically geological information method. (authors)
[en] Click polymerization is a powerful polymerization technique for the construction of new macromolecules with well-defined structures and multifaceted functionalities. Here, we synthesize reduction-responsive polymeric prodrug PEG-b-(PSS-g-MTX)-b-PEG containing disulfide bonds and pendant methotrexate (MTX) via two-step click polymerization followed by conjugating MTX to pendant hydroxyl. MTX content in polymeric prodrug is 13.5%. Polymeric prodrug is able to form polymeric micelles by self-assembly in aqueous solution. Polymeric micelles are spherical nanoparticles with tens of nanometers in size. Of note, polymeric micelles are reduction-responsive due to disulfide bonds in the backbone of PEG-b-(PSS-g-MTX)-b-PEG and could release pendant drugs in the presence of the reducing agents such as DL-dithiothreitol (DTT).
[en] Both image quality and health protection performance of 120 medicial CT machine across Shanxi province were tested and reviewed, with the used methods and gained results shown in this paper. Such certificated parameters of those equipment as space resolutin ratio, low contrast resolution ratio, dose index, CT value of water, degree of consistency, layer thickness derivation, posioning accuracy and bed displacement acurracy are lOO%, 99%, 91%, 94%, 94%, 93%, 95% and 97% respectively. (authors)
[en] Stimuli-responsive polymeric micelles as a drug delivery vehicle have made important contributions to the development of controllable drug release. Here we develop pH-responsive polymeric micelles with tunable aggregation-induced emission and controllable drug release. Polymeric micelles in nano-sized spherical shape (about 140 nm) were mediated via hydrogen-bonding interaction between phenol groups of 4,4′-(1,2-diphenylethene-1,2-diyl)diphenol (TPE-2OH) and amine groups of poly(ethylene glycol)-block-linear polyethylenimine-block-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PEG-PEI-PCL). The results show that polymeric micelles are pH-responsive with turn-on fluorescence and sustained drug release inside cells, which has hope in simultaneously achieving cell imaging and cancer therapy.
[en] Amine-modified amphiphilic hyperbranched polymers (MePEG-H104-Nx) were prepared from hyperbranched 2,2-bis(methylol)propionic acid polyester (H104) by decoration with polyethylene glycol monomethyl ether (MePEG) and different classes of oligo(ethylenimine)s. By using the MePEG-H104-Nx polymers as stabilizers, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were prepared in an aqueous medium by the reduction of HAuCl4 with NaBH4. The AuNPs were sphere-like with diameters of 2–4 nm, which were dependent on the structure of the amines. Further, the catalytic activity of these AuNPs was evaluated by monitoring the reduction reaction of 4-nitrophenol by sodium borohydride. The results demonstrate that the longer chain length and the branched structure of the amine moieties are beneficial for the stability and catalytic activity of the AuNPs. The AuNPs stabilized by MePEG-H104-N4 and MePEG-H104-Nb3 showed high catalytic activity for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol. (paper)
[en] MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs, play an important role in modulating cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation. Since miRNAs can regulate multiple cancer-related genes simultaneously, regulating miRNAs could target a set of related oncogenic genes or pathways. Owing to their reduced immune response and low toxicity, miRNAs with small size and low molecular weight have become increasingly promising therapeutic drugs in cancer therapy. However, one of the major challenges of miRNAs-based cancer therapy is to achieve specific, effective, and safe delivery of therapeutic miRNAs into cancer cells. Here we provide a strategy using three-layered polyplex with folic acid as a targeting group to systemically deliver miR-210 into breast cancer cells, which results in breast cancer growth being inhibited. (paper)