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[en] Highlights: • A novel resorption thermal energy storage system is established. • Working pair of MnCl_2−CaCl_2−NH_3 is chosen for heat and refrigeration cogeneration. • The largest energy storage density reaches 1706 kJ/kg. • The maximum average cooling power is 1.07 kW during discharging phase. • The largest energy and exergy efficiency are 0.87 and 0.35 respectively. - Abstract: Sorption thermal energy storage (STES) is perceived as one prospective way of thermal energy storage (TES) owing to the advantages of high energy density, negligible heat loss, flexible working modes and long-term storage capability. Based on STES, this paper exhibits an innovative resorption thermal energy storage (RTES) system, and the experimental prototype is established for heat and refrigeration cogeneration. Working pair of MnCl_2−CaCl_2−NH_3 is chosen, 4.8 kg MnCl_2 and 3.9 kg CaCl_2 impregnated in expanded natural graphite treated with sulfuric acid are filled in two sorption beds respectively. Experimental results indicate that the largest energy storage density reaches 1706 kJ/kg when charging and discharging temperature are 160 °C and 30 °C, respectively. The maximum average cooling power achieves 1.07 kW during discharging phase and corresponding SCP is 27.33 W/kg within the overall cycle period. When charging temperature increases from 135 °C to 160 °C, the energy efficiency of the resorption system for heat and refrigeration cogeneration augments steadily from 0.72 to 0.87 while the exergy efficiency rises slowly from 0.29 to 0.35.
[en] Highlights: • Performance of resorption refrigeration is analyzed based on non-equilibrium reaction process. • The porous matrix improves the heat and mass performance of composite adsorbent. • The actual desorption process has the significant hysteresis phenomenon. • The highest energy efficiency of Manganese and Calcium chloride working pair is 0.272. - Abstract: The aims of this paper is to indicate that the non-equilibrium adsorption testing results is more suitable for prediction of real refrigeration performance than equilibrium data. Therefore, a test unit is constructed to test the non-equilibrium performance of different composite adsorbents. The adsorption and desorption quantity are measured and calculated by smart differential pressure transmitter. The non-equilibrium adsorption performances of working pair of Manganese chloride–ammonia, Calcium chloride–ammonia and Ammonium chloride–ammonia are investigated respectively. Results show that hysteresis phenomena happens obviously in non-equilibrium desorption process, which is related with dual variables rather than single variable. Based on the testing results, resorption refrigeration performance is analyzed, in which Manganese chloride is used as high temperature salt (HTS), and Calcium chloride, Ammonium chloride are selected as low temperature salt (LTS) for comparison. Results show that the highest COP and SCP for resorption refrigeration are about 0.272 and 45.6 W/kg, respectively. Performance of Manganese chloride–Calcium chloride and Manganese chloride–Ammonium chloride working pairs are much lower when compared with theoretical data.
[en] We have studied the magnetic properties of an off-stoichiometric Heusler shape memory alloy Ni51.9Mn23.2Ga24.9 with near room temperature martensitic transition at 306 K. The temperature dependence of magnetization revealed a thermal hysteresis and a ∼10% decrease in spontaneous magnetization across the martensitic transition. In-situ X-ray diffraction measurements at different temperatures revealed a negative shape strain of 4.8%. Heat absorptions measurements indicated that the martensitic structural transition may take place in multiple steps
[en] Highlights: • A small-scale pumpless Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) system is established. • The maximum power output is 232 W when the hot water inlet temperature is 95 °C. • The highest energy and exergy efficiency are 2.4% and 13.7%. • Pumpless ORC may become one alternative solution to low grade heat utilization. - Abstract: A small-scale pumpless Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) system driven by the low temperature heat source is established to investigate the overall performance. Hot water temperature from 75 °C to 95 °C is adopted for performance analysis whereas the environmental temperature is about 25 °C. Refrigerant R245fa is selected as working fluid, and scroll expander is employed for power generation. One worth noting fact is that pumpless ORC system shows great potential for low temperature heat recovery. Experimental results indicate that the maximum power output is 232 W, which is obtained at 95 °C hot water inlet temperature. Correspondingly, the average power output is 204 W which is lasted for 6.6 min, revealing the high stability for power generation. For different hot water inlet temperature, the highest energy and exergy efficiency of the system are 2.4% and 13.7%. Besides, performance of novel pumpless ORC system is compared with that of our previous prototype. It shows a remarkable improvement in terms of power output, energy efficiency and exergy efficiency. Power generation process is able to keep constant for 95% of the cycle time. As a result, pumpless ORC may become an alternative solution to low grade heat utilization when compared with conventional small-scale ORC.