Results 1 - 10 of 3139
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[en] We present the first study of the energy dependence of pt angular correlations inferred from event-wise mean transverse momentum fluctuations in heavy ion collisions. We compare our large-acceptance measurements at CM energies sqrt sNN = 19.6, 62.4, 130 and 200 GeV to SPS measurements at 12.3 and 17.3 GeV. pt angular correlation structure suggests that the principal source of pt correlations and fluctuations is minijets (minimum-bias parton fragments). We observe a dramatic increase in correlations and fluctuations from SPS to RHIC energies, increasing linearly with ln sqrt sNN from the onset of observable jet-related pt fluctuations near 10 GeV
[en] The elliptic flow (v2) pattern in terms of hadron mass and transverse momentum pT is qualitatively described for pT < 2 GeV/c by ideal hydrodynamics in Au + Au collisions at RHIC. In addition, for pT = 2-6 GeV/c the measured v2 follow a universal scaling by the number of quarks explained by quark coalescence/recombination models. These observations suggest that a partonic collectivity develops in the matter in early stage of heavy ion collisions. Centrality as well as system size and energy dependence of the v2 is important to shed light on the underlying collision dynamics in heavy ion collisions. We present the measurements of centrality dependence of v2 at √sNN = 200 and 62.4 GeV in Au + Au and Cu + Cu collisions for KS0, φ, Λ, Ξ and (Omega) at STAR experiment. We focus on the recent Cu + Cu results and discuss the centrality dependence of v2 as well as the number of quark scaling as a function of transverse kinetic energy at different system size and energies. We also discuss the eccentricity scaled v2 for identified hadrons and implications that ideal hydrodynamical limit has not been reached at RHIC
[en] High-spin terminating bands in heavy nuclei were first identified in nuclei around 158Er90. While examples of special terminating states have been identified in a number of erbium isotopes, almost nothing is known about the states lying beyond band termination. In the present work the high-spin structure of 157Er has been studied using the Gammasphere spectrometer. The subject of triaxial superdeformation and 'wobbling' modes in Lu nuclei has rightly attracted a great deal of attention. Very recently, four strongly or superdeformed (SD) sequences have been observed in 174Hf and ultimate cranker calculations predict such structures may have significant triaxial deformation. We have performed two experiments in an attempt to verify the possible triaxial nature of these bands. A lifetime measurement was performed to confirm the large (and similar) deformation of the bands. In addition, a high-statistics, thin-target experiment was run to search for linking transitions between the SD bands and possible wobbling modes
[en] Lifetimes for decays linking near-yrast states in 107Cd have been measured using the recoil distance method (RDM). The nucleus of interest was populated via the 98Mo(12C,3n)107Cd fusion-evaporation reaction at an incident beam energy of 60 MeV. From the measured lifetimes, transition probabilities have been deduced and compared with the theoretical B(E2) values for limiting cases of harmonic vibrational and axially deformed rotational systems. Our initial results suggest a rotor-like behavior for the structure based on the unnatural-parity, h11/2 orbital in 107Cd, providing further evidence for the role of this 'shape-polarizing' orbital in stabilizing the nuclear deformation in the A ∼ 100 transitional region
[en] We present an overview of recent results and developments of the no-core shell model (NCSM), an ab initio approach to the nuclear many-body problem for light nuclei. In this aproach, we start from realistic two-nucleon or two- plus three-nucleon interactions. Many-body calculations are performed using a finite harmonic-oscillator (HO) basis. To facilitate convergence for realistic inter-nucleon interactions that generate strong short-range correlations, we derive effective interactions by unitary transformations that are tailored to the HO basis truncation. For soft realistic interactions this might not be necessary. If that is the case, the NCSM calculations are variational. In either case, the ab initio NCSM preserves translational invariance of the nuclear many-body problem. In this review, we, in particular, highlight results obtained with the chiral two- plus three-nucleon interactions. We discuss efforts to extend the applicability of the NCSM to heavier nuclei and larger model spaces using importance-truncation schemes and/or use of effective interactions with a core. We outline an extension of the ab initio NCSM to the description of nuclear reactions by the resonating group method technique. A future direction of the approach, the ab initio NCSM with continuum, which will provide a complete description of nuclei as open systems with coupling of bound and continuum states is given in the concluding part of the review.
[en] I review recent progress in studying quarkonium properties in hot medium as well as possible consequences for quarkonium production in heavy ion collisions. There has been considerable interest in studying quarkonia in hot medium since the publication of the famous Matsui and Satz paper. It has been argued that color screening in a deconfined QCD medium will suppress the existence of quarkonium states, signaling the formation of a quark-gluon plasma (QGP) in heavy-ion collisions. Although this idea was proposed a long time ago, first principle QCD calculations, which go beyond qualitative arguments, have been performed only recently. Such calculations include lattice QCD determinations of quarkonium correlators; potential model calculations of the quarkonium spectral functions with potentials based on lattice QCD, as well as effective field theory approaches that justify potential models and reveal new medium effects. Spectral properties of heavy quark bound states are important ingredients in modeling of heavy quarkonium production in hot medium as will be discussed later.
[en] The improved quantum molecular dynamics (ImQMD) model incorporated with the statistical decay model is successful in describing emission of the nucleons in the intermediate energy spallation reactions, but not good enough in describing productions of the light complex particles, i.e. d, t, 3He and 4He. To improve the description on emission of light complex particles, a phenomenological mechanism called surface coalescence and emission is introduced into the ImQMD model: nucleon ready to escape from the compound nuclei can coalesce with the other nucleon(s) to form light complex particle and be emitted. With updated ImQMD model, the description on the experimental data of light complex particles produced in nucleon-induced reactions are great improved. (paper)
[en] We present a model for quark masses and mixing, featuring geometrical CP violation through a Δ(27) triplet. By employing a single U(1)F or ZN symmetry in addition to Δ(27), we forbid all terms in the scalar potential that would spoil the calculable phases the triplet acquires. The quark sector is realized by mimicking an existing scheme that reproduces the masses and CKM mixing, with the extra symmetry enabling the hierarchies in the Yukawa couplings through a Froggatt–Nielsen mechanism. (paper)
[en] We analyze different stages of magnetized quark star evolution incorporating baryon number conservation and using an anisotropic energy–momentum tensor. The first stages of the evolution are simulated through the inclusion of trapped neutrinos and fixed entropy per particle, while in the last stage the star is taken to be deleptonized and cold. We find that, although strong magnetic fields modify quark star masses, the evolution of isolated stars needs to be constrained by fixed baryon number, which necessarily lowers the possible star masses. Moreover, magnetic field effects, measured by the difference between the parallel and perpendicular pressures, are more pronounced in the beginning of the star evolution, when there is a larger number of charged leptons and up quarks. We also show that having a spatially varying magnetic field allows for larger magnetic fields to be supported. (paper)