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[en] The temperature dependence of the first three interlayer distances of the Ag(111) surface was studied by low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) over the temperature range 128K to 723 K. The first three interlayer spacings and the effective Debye temperatures were extracted from the LEED analysis. At the lowest temperature, the first two interlayer spacings are slightly (0.5 percent) contracted. All three interlayer spacings increase with temperature, finally reaching expansions relative to the bulk of about 0.8 percent at the highest temperature studied. The effective surface Debye temperature is lowest for the outermost layer, increasing toward the bulk value for successive layers
[en] The photodecomposition of acetone and butanone were examined on the (110) surface of rutile TiO2 using temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and photon stimulated desorption (PSD). In both cases, photodecomposition was proceeded by a required thermal reaction between the adsorbed ketone and coadsorbed oxygen resulting in a diolate species. The diolate photodecomposed by ejection of an organic radical from the surface leaving behind a carboxylate species. In the acetone case, only methyl radical PSD was detected and acetate was left on the surface. In the butanone case there was a possibility of either methyl or ethyl radical ejection, with propionate or acetate left behind, respectively. However, only ethyl radical PSD was detected and the species left on the surface (acetate) was the same as in the acetone case. The preference for ethyl radical ejection is linked to the greater thermal stability of the ethyl radical over that of the methyl radical. Unlike in the acetone case, where the ejected methyl radicals did not participate in thermal chemistry on the TiO2(110) surface after photoactivation of the acetone diolate, ethyl radicals photodesorbing at 100 K from butanone diolate showed a preference for dehydrogenation to ethene through the influence of coadsorbed oxygen. These results reemphasize the mechanistic importance of organic radical production during photooxidation reactions on TiO2 surface. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy
[en] Results are presented of a photoemission study of the electronic structure of SiON layers formed by a pulsed-RF decoupled plasma nitration (DPN) of ultra-thin SiO2 grown base layers approximately 1.0 nm thick. The optical thickness of these device grade nitrided dielectric layers was in the range 1.4-1.6 nm. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) studies indicate that the nitrogen is incorporated in a single chemical environment at concentration levels in the range 15-17%. Angle resolved XPS measurements show that the nitrogen is distributed through the layer, with the binding energy of the N 1s peak at 398.3 eV which is indicative of a Si3N4-like chemical species in an oxide environment. High resolution core level photoemission studies of the spin orbit stripped Si 2p4+ peak revealed full width half maximum values in the range 1.4-1.55 eV, which are significantly larger than the 1.15 eV value reported for SiO2 layers. Synchrotron radiation photoemission studies of the valence band spectra enable the valence band off-set at the Si/SON interface to be evaluated as 2.3 eV and to infer a conduction band off-set of 2.1 eV
[en] The reaction of the amino acid dl-proline is studied over stoichiometric and Ar-ions sputtered (reduced) TiO2(1 1 0) single crystal surfaces by synchrotron High Resolution X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (HRXPS). On the stoichiometric surface proline gives two different species at 300 K: dissociated and zwitterionic. Upon heating the zwitterionic structure is removed first from the surface followed by the dissociated form. The C1s signal for the COO function is found close to 288.5 eV for both forms while the N 1s for the dissociated form is found at 400.0 eV and that of the zwitterionic from close to 401.8 eV. From the attenuation of the Ti 2p signal the surface coverage was estimated less than 1/2 (about 0.35). This smaller coverage than dissociatively adsorbed carboxylic acids on this surface (usually close to 1/2), is attributed to lateral repulsion caused by the ring of adjacent proline molecules adsorbed on five-fold coordinated Ti cations along the [0 0 1] direction. On the reduced surface the amount of zwitterion structure is found two times higher than that on the stoichiometric surface, at 300 K, most likely due to the considerable decrease of the amount of surface oxygen available. The stability of the zwitterionic structure on this surface is however found similar to that found on the stoichiometric surface. In addition, evidence of oxidation of reduced Ti cations upon adsorption at 300 K is noticed and explained as breaking of the carbon-oxygen bond of a fraction of adsorbed proline. Variable temperature HRXPS has been collected and results indicated that proline is more stable on the reduced surface compared to the stoichiometric surface.