Results 1 - 10 of 317
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[en] A 3D-printed microresonator based on a quartz tuning fork has been developed. The sensor performance is evaluated by detection of methane with a fiber-coupled distributed feedback diode laser. In combination with wavelength modulation spectroscopy, a minimum detectable concentration of 15.6 ppb by volume is achieved at atmospheric pressure with an 8-mW average optical excitation power and a lock-in amplifier time constant of 1 s, which corresponds to a 1σ normalized noise equivalent absorption coefficient of 5·10–9 cm–1·W/Hz1/2. An Allan variance analysis shows that the system has long-term stability and can serve as the basis for a portable gas analyzer. Approaches to improve the current sensor performance are also discussed. This design greatly reduces the time of manufacturing the microresonator.
[en] Copper-doped zinc sulfide nanoparticles have been synthesized using a wet chemical method. The synthesized nanoparticles exhibit a zinc blende structure with the crystallite size of 3.8 nm. The morphological and optical studies of the synthesized nanoparticles have been performed. It is found that the band gap varies from 3.6 to 4.4 eV depending upon the concentration of copper. The room temperature photoluminescence of the synthesized nanoparticles has been also investigated.
[en] We have studied the features of noncollinear acousto-optic filtering of quasi-nondiffracting Bessel light beams in uniaxial crystals. We have obtained coupled wave equations for the vector amplitudes of an incident ordinary (o-type) Bessel beam and an extraordinary (e-type) diffracted beam for different modes. We have found an expression for the diffraction efficiency as a function of the parameters of interacting ordinary and extraordinary Bessel beams, and also as a function of the values of the overlap integrals. Using the overlap integral method, we have shown that regardless of the mode order for the Bessel light beam, under transverse phase matching conditions for ordinary and extraordinary diffracted Bessel beams in the optical spectral range 0.4–1.1 μm we can achieve a filter transmission bandwidth of ~0.6 nm in paratellurite crystals .
[en] The study is based on the determination of trace elements in ruby samples, Ti in particular, using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA–ICP–MS). The samples were then divided into three groups: high (≥ 200 ppma), moderate (100–200 ppma), and low (≤ 50 ppma) Ti content. In addition, X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) was employed to confirm that the Ti oxidation state was Ti4+. The heat experiment conditions were set at 800, 1200, and 1650°C to investigate the transformation of the –OH vibration in the FTIR spectra of ruby samples. The FTIR spectra showed that samples containing a low Ti concentration did not show the 3309-cm–1 absorption peak either before or after heating at any of the designed temperatures. An obvious 3309-cm–1 peak appeared only in samples with a moderate to high Ti content after heating at ≥ 1200°C. The results also suggest that, in addition of Ti4+, the occurrence of the 3309-cm–1 peak in the FTIR spectra is strongly affected by the charge compensation of –OH in Al sites, i.e., the structural –OH; thus, the structural –Ti–OH stretching in the ruby samples. Hence, for gemological identification, the 3309-cm–1 peak can be applied to indicate whether a ruby has undergone heat treatment if those samples contain enough Ti ions in their structure, i.e., Ti ≥ 100 ppma. This condition is usually found in ruby samples from major deposits such as Mong Hsu and Mogok, Myanmar; Luc Yen, Vietnam; and Montopuez, Mozambique.
[en] We consider the most feasible ways to significantly improve the sensitivity of spectroscopic methods for detection and measurement of trace concentrations of greenhouse gas molecules in the atmosphere. The proposed methods are based on combining light fluxes from a number of spectral components of the specified molecule on the same photodetector, taking into account the characteristic features of the transmission spectrum of devices utilizing multipath interference effects.
[en] We have studied the intensity of the spectral lines for the main components in clay: Al I 309.4 nm, Al II 358.7 nm, Mg II 279.6 nm, Ti II 323.6 nm vs. the position of the object relative to the focus of the optical system when the samples are exposed to single laser pulses from a YAG:Nd3+ laser. We have determined the permissible ranges for positioning the object relative to the focus of the optical system (positive and negative defocusing) for which there is practically no change in the reproducibility of the intensity for the spectral lines for red and white clay samples. We show that the position of the object relative to the focus of the optical system should be within the range ΔZ ~ ±1.5 mm for optimal laser pulse energies for the analyte spectral lines. We have calculated the radiation flux density for different laser pulse energies and different distances from the focus to the object. We have shown experimentally that reducing the radiation flux density leads to a decrease in the intensity of the analyte spectral lines.
[en] A collimated light beam at the output of a semiconductor laser module was studied experimentally. The intensity distribution in the transverse cross section of this beam did not have infinite-order axial symmetry and varied with the longitudinal coordinate. The experimental spatial intensity distributions in light fields formed by a conical lens (axicon) from radiation of He–Ne and semiconducting lasers were compared. Criteria were proposed for objective numerical quality assessment of zero-order Bessel light beams. The quality parameters of Bessel light fields formed by the axicon from radiation of He–Ne and semiconducting lasers were obtained from trial calculations.