Results 1 - 10 of 287
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[en] The article “An elliptic regularity theorem for fractional partial differential operators”, written by Arran Fernandez, was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on May 02, 2018 without open access.
[en] In this paper, using generalized resolvents and retractions onto shrinking closed subsets, we present new extragradient algorithms for finding the solution of a J-variational-like inequality, the zero points of a family of maximal monotone operators, and the solution set of mixed equilibrium problems for a J--inverse-strongly monotone-like operator in a 2-uniformly convex and 2-uniformly smooth Banach space. By introducing the new definitions, we prove strong convergence of generated iterates in the extragradient methods. Using FMINCON optimization toolbox in MATLAB, we give some numerical examples and compare them with several existence results in the literature to illustrate the usability of our results.
[en] In this paper, we construct Algebraic-Trigonometric Pythagorean Hodograph (ATPH) splines by solving a non-linear system of equations in complex variables. We compare these splines, which depend on several shape parameters, with their polynomial PH counterpart as well as with the well-known cubic B-splines. We finally present criteria for choosing the free shape parameters based on the minimization of certain fairness functionals.
[en] In the present paper, we prove necessary optimality conditions of Pontryagin type for a class of fuzzy optimal control problems. The new results are illustrated by computing the extremals of two fuzzy optimal control systems, which improve recent results of Najariyan and Farahi.
[en] We developed a numerical scheme to solve the variable-order fractional linear subdiffusion and nonlinear reaction-subdiffusion equations using the shifted Jacobi collocation method. Basically, a time-space collocation approximation for temporal and spatial discretizations is employed efficiently to tackle these equations. The convergence and stability analyses of the suggested basis functions are presented in-depth. The validity and efficiency of the proposed method are investigated and verified through numerical examples.
[en] In this work, we use the spectral collocation technique for spatial derivatives and predictor–corrector method for time integration to solve the Black–Scholes (B–S) equation. If the spectral collocation method is worked properly, then we get high accuracy in the numerical solutions. Firstly, theory of application of Chebyshev spectral collocation technique and domain decomposition method on the B–S equation is presented. This method gets a stiff system of differential equations. Secondly, by using the predictor–corrector method with variable step size, we obtain the high accuracy approximate solution in the numerical integration of the stiff system of DEs. We present the order of accuracy for the proposed method. The numerical results show the efficiency and validity of the method.
[en] This investigation looks at the effects of thermal radiation on the magnetohydrodynamic flow of Casson fluid over a stretched surface subject to power law heat flux and internal heat generation. Conservation of mass, linear momentum and energy are used in the development of relevant flow equations. Series solutions for velocity and temperature are derived. Effects of embedded physical parameters on the velocity and temperature profiles are analyzed. Numerical values of skin-friction coefficient and local Nusselt number are examined.
[en] In this paper, we develop a Bernstein dual-Petrov–Galerkin method for the numerical simulation of a two-dimensional fractional diffusion equation. A spectral discretization is applied by introducing suitable combinations of dual Bernstein polynomials as the test functions and the Bernstein polynomials as the trial ones. We derive the exact sparse operational matrix of differentiation for the dual Bernstein basis which provides a matrix-based approach for the spatial discretization. It is shown that the method leads to banded linear systems that can be solved efficiently. The stability and convergence of the proposed method is discussed. Finally, some numerical examples are provided to support the theoretical claims and to show the accuracy and efficiency of the method.
[en] We study an adaptive anisotropic Huber functional-based image restoration scheme. Using a combination of L2–L1 regularization functions, an adaptive Huber functional-based energy minimization model provides denoising with edge preservation in noisy digital images. We study a convergent finite difference scheme based on continuous piecewise linear functions and use a variable splitting scheme, namely the Split Bregman (In: Goldstein and Osher, SIAM J Imaging Sci 2(2):323–343, 2009) algorithm, to obtain the discrete minimizer. Experimental results are given in image denoising and comparison with additive operator splitting, dual fixed point, and projected gradient schemes illustrates that the best convergence rates are obtained for our algorithm.
[en] The improved element-free Galerkin method (IEFG) is presented to deal with thermo-elastic problems. This mesh-free method is a combination between the element-free Galerkin method and the improved moving least-square approximation. It has not the Kronecker delta property, and the penalty method is used to impose the essential boundary conditions. In this paper, linear and stationary thermo-elasticity is treated. To solve the thermo-elastic problem, this latter is decoupled into two separate parts: first, the heat transfer problem is analyzed to reach the temperature field, which is used as input in the mechanical problem to calculate the displacement field and then the stress fields. Numerical examples with different boundary conditions are illustrated. The performance and the accuracy of the IEFG method are approved when obtained results are compared to finite-element results and analytical solution.