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[en] Absolute cross-section measurements for resonant double photoexcitation of Li+ ions followed by autoionization have been performed at high resolution in the photon energy range from 148 eV, just below the (2s2p, 2(0,1)n+) resonance, to 198 eV (the region of the double ionization threshold). The measurements have been made using the photon-ion merged-beam endstation at the Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA. The absolute cross-section measurements show excellent agreement with theoretical results from the R-matrix plus pseudo-state (RMPS) method. Comparisons between theory and experiment for the Auger resonance energies, autoionization linewidth (?)and the Fano line profile index q for several members of the principal(2snp, 2(0, 1)n+) and (3snp, 3(1,1)n+) Rydberg series found in the photoionization spectra for the 1Po symmetry show satisfactory accord
[en] The depopulation of excited states in beams of negatively charged carbon and silicon ions was demonstrated using collisional detachment and laser photodetachment in a radio-frequency quadrupole ion guide filled with helium. The high-lying, loosely bound 2D excited state in C- was completely depleted through collisional detachment alone, which was quantitatively determined within 6%. For Si- the combined signal from the population in the 2P and 2D excited states was only partly depleted through collisions in the cooler. The loosely bound 2P state was likely to be completely depopulated, and the more tightly bound 2D state was partly depopulated through collisions. 98(2)% of the remaining 2D population was removed by photodetachment in the cooler using less than 2 W laser power. The total reduction of the excited population in Si-, including collisional detachment and photodetachment, was estimated to be 99(1)%. Employing this novel technique to produce a pure ground state negative ion beam offers possibilities of enhancing selectivity, as well as accuracy, in high-precision experiments on atomic as well as molecular negative ions.
[en] Non-perturbative time-dependent close-coupling calculations are carried out for the double photoionization of helium including both dipole and quadrupole radiation effects. At a photon energy of 800 eV, accessible at CUlTent synchrotron light sources, the quadrupole interaction contributes around 6% to the total integral double photoionization cross section. The pure quadrupole single energy differential cross section shows a local maxima at equal energy sharing, as opposed to the minimum found in the pure dipole single energy differential cross section. The sum of the pure dipole and pure quadrupole single energy differentials is insensitive to non-dipole effects at 800 eV. However, the triple differential cross section at equal energy sharing of the two ejected electrons shows strong non-dipole effects due to the quadrupole interaction that may be experimentally observable.
[en] The central (Nc) and terminal (Nt) nitrogen K-shell photoelectron spectra (PESs) of N2O molecules have been measured in the σ shape resonance energy region at temperatures of ~300 and ~630 K. Estimating vibrational populations based on the Boltzmann distribution at these temperatures, PESs of vibrationally ground and bending-excited levels in the initial electronic ground state were extracted. Vibrationally integrated partial cross sections and asymmetry parameters for ionization from vibrationally ground and bending-excited levels were obtained as a function of the incident photon energy by integrating PESs over the vibrational levels of the core-hole states. In Nc photoionization, the shape resonance from the bending-excited level was found to be shifted to the lower photon energy side and to become narrower than that from the ground vibrational level. In Nt photoionization from the bending-excited level, the downward shift of the resonance is more significant than that in Nc ionization. These experimental findings are qualitatively consistent with theoretical predictions and suggest that the shape resonance associated with the Nt core hole is more sensitive to the bending angle of the initial state than is the shape resonance associated with the Nc core hole. Finally, the asymmetry parameters for photoionization from the bending-excited level, however, showed almost the same behavior as those from the ground vibrational level for both K-shell photoionization channels and in the photon energy range studied here.
[en] In this study, electron collisional broadening of observed spectral lines depends on plasma electron temperature and density. Including this effect in models of measured spectra is necessary to determine plasma conditions; however, computational limits make accurate line broadening treatments difficult to implement in large-scale plasma modeling efforts. In this paper, we report on improvements to the treatment of electron collisional line broadening and illustrate this with calculations using the Los Alamos ATOMIC code. We implement the Dimitrijevic and Konjevic modified semi-empirical model Dimitrijevic and Konjevic (1986 Astron. and Astrophy. 163 297 and 1987 Astron. Astrophys. 172 345), which we amend by employing oscillator strengths from Hartree-Fock calculations. This line broadening model applies to near-neutral plasmas with electron temperatures of Te ~ 1 eV and electron densities of N_e ~10"1"7 cm"-"3. We evaluate the D.K.-inspired model against the previous hydrogenic approach in ATOMIC through comparison to NIST-rated measurements for selected neutral and singly-ionized Ca, O, Fe, and Sn lines using both fine-structure and configuration-averaged oscillator strengths. The new D.K.-inspired model is significantly more accurate than the previous hydrogenic model and we find the use of configuration-averaged oscillator strengths a good approximation for applications such as LIBS (laser induced breakdown spectroscopy), for which we demonstrate the use of the D.K.-inspired model
[en] Energy levels, radiative transition probabilities, and autoionization rates for [Ni]4s24p6nl, [Ni]4s24p54l′nl (l′=d,f,n = 4–7), [Ni]4s4p64l′nl, (l′=d,f,n = 4–7), [Ni]4s24p55l′nl (n = 5–7), and [Ni]4s4p66l′nl (n = 6–7) states in Rb-like tungsten (W37+) are calculated using the relativistic many-body perturbation theory method (RMBPT code) and the Hartree–Fock-relativistic method (COWAN code). Autoionizing levels above the [Ni]4s24p6 threshold are considered. It is found that configuration mixing among [Ni]4s24p54l′nl and [Ni]4s4p64l′nl plays an important role for all atomic characteristics. Branching ratios relative to the first threshold and intensity factors are calculated for satellite lines, and dielectronic recombination (DR) rate coefficients are determined for the [Ni]4s24p6nl (n = 4–7) singly excited states, as well as the [Ni]4s24p54dnl, [Ni]4s24p54fnl, [Ni]4s4p64dnl, [Ni]4s24p64fnl, (n = 4–6), and [Ni]4s24p55l′5l doubly excited nonautoionizing states in Rb-like W37+ ion. Contributions from the [Ni]4s24p64fnl (n = 6–7), [Ni]4s24p55l′nl (n = 5–6), and [Ni]4s24p56l′nl (n = 6–7) doubly excited autoionizing states are evaluated numerically. The high-n state (with n up to 500) contributions are very important for high temperatures. These contributions are determined by using a scaling procedure. Synthetic dielectronic satellite spectra from Rb-like W are simulated in a broad spectral range from 8 to 70 Å. Here, these calculations provide highly accurate values for a number of W37+ properties useful for a variety of applications including for fusion applications.
[en] Energy and angle differential cross sections for the electron-impact double ionization of helium are calculated using a non-perturbative time-dependent close-coupling method. Collision probabilities are found by projection of a time evolved nine dimensional coordinate space wave function onto fully antisymmetric products of spatial and spin functions representing three outgoing Coulomb waves. At an incident energy of 106 eV, we present double energy differential cross sections and pentuple energy and angle differential cross sections. The pentuple energy and angle differential cross sections are found to be in relative agreement with the shapes observed in recent (e,3e) reaction microscope experiments. Integration of the differential cross sections over all energies and angles yields a total ionization cross section that is also in reasonable agreement with absolute crossed-beams experiments.