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[en] The Neutron Dosimetry Laboratory installed in the Nuclear Engineering Department of the Polytechnic University of Madrid is briefly described. it is the first Spanish Laboratory of this kind. Some basic characteristics and the objectives pursued after its creation are indicated. (Author)
[en] Nuclear and radioactive facilities and other centers, institutions and agencies engaged in activities that may lead to emergency situations, are subject to specific regulations directed to take measures to prevent and control risks at source and to act initially in emergency situations and limit the consequences, in order to protect people, property and the environment. With these premise, place the following article, which summarizes the basic guidelines in the field of major accident and self-protection, summarizing the implications of current legislation in this field. (Author)
[en] In this paper we present some simulation models of system and equipment from nuclear power plants, builded-up with EcosimPro, a simulation tool created by Empresarios Agrupados. It was developed as a general simulation engine, as a tool devoted to the resolution of DAE's (ordinary differential and algebraic equations sets), doing abstraction of what physical system they represent. Component libraries must be added to the calculation engine, as needed by the discipline object of simulation, in order to be able of building up models. From first ECOSIM version there were already builded models applied to thermal and nuclear power plants. (Author)
[en] Regarding with the paper presented on 9th June 2011 referred to the Industrial Security standard in Nuclear Plants, it was about the application of Pressure Equipment standard to mentioned Nuclear Plants, this article is an extract of the paper going to be exposed. (Author)
[en] The nuclear scientific and technical world is well aware of the EURATOM and IAEA activities but usually other international scientific and technical organisations relevant for their ordinary work are unknown. In this article three international organisations are described briefly, the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP). International Union of Pure and Applied chemistry (IUPAC) and the international council of Science (ICSU). (Author)
[en] Midway between a horoscope and a prophecy forecasts on the future of energy give us a tentative idea of what prospects it has in the world, in Europe, etc. For example, it is estimated that world electricity consumption will double over the next 20 years. This is all about the immediate future, but what about afterwards? We must remember that, except for coal, the world's traditional energy resources will be exhausted in just a few decades; that with the exception of nuclear energy and some renewable energy resources, energy processes produce huge quantities of harmful gases, the effects of which can already be felt; and that oil and natural gas are irreplaceable in more needy, more noble uses than the hearth. It is expected that the nuclear fusion process which occurs continually in the stars-and which we on Earth have known about for more than fifty years-can cover the world energy needs in the last of this century. Of the different fusion processes which are theoretically possible, current developments are based on the reaction. D + T→ n +α + 17.6 MeV where the resultant particles carry kinetic energy which, at least in principle, can be transformed into useful energy. At this point it would probably be as well to remember certain aspects: Deuterium is a non-radioactive isotope of hydrogen. It is found in inexhaustible quantities in water (some 35 g of deuterium per m''3) Tritium, a radioactive isotope of hydrogen, is made artificially. The first tritium load has to be added to fusion reactors, but the amount consumed during operation is replaced by the reaction of neutrons with lithium inside the reactor. Lithium occurs in relative abundance in the ground, and with a concentration of 0.1-0.2 g/m''3 in sea water. One million kWh on the grid would require some 7 g of deuterium and about 100-300 g of lithium; or in other energy processes, some 17-25 kg of natural uranium, about 320 t of coal or about 2.5.105 m''3 of natural gas. (Author)
[en] As consequence of the changes in the energy polities of each countries in the 80th. many of the Nuclear Research Centres suffered a transformation (more of less deep) in other Research and Development Centres with a wider spectrum that the exclusively nuclear one. This year is the 50 anniversary of the Spanish Centre of Nuclear Research-Junta de Energia Nuclear.The JEN the same as other suffered a deep renovation to become the CIEMAT Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologicas (Research Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology). This paper is focussed on the evolution of JEN to CIEMAT besides analysing the reach of this re-foundation considering the political reasons and technical aspect that justified it and the laws in those it is based on. (Author)
[en] During the initial phase, (General training) the new incorporation follow a training programme during which they spend almost all their time in lessons. The main aim of the Welcome Plan in this phase is to help people understand the organisation of ANAV and their future workplace, as well as to monitor the integration of the candidates in to the training programme. (Author).
[en] The Life Management Plan (PGV) consists in a series of actions aimed at improving the reliability and availability of a plant by guaranteeing its operation in safe conditions during its design life while keeping open the option of renewing the operating license in the long term. (Author).
[en] The criteria followed by the new regulation is to both qualitatively and quantitatively broaden the liability of a nuclear power plant operator. This increase, in both senses, goes above and beyond what the traditional insurance market is technically in a position to handle. This has resulted in the need for public funds to cover what the insurance companies cannot. Enforcement of the requirements of the new regulation has been postponed because most of the signatory countries have not ratified the 2004 Protocol to the Paris convention. At this time it is difficult to say when this will take place. (Author)