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[en] Overland transport of passengers and goods is primarily accomplished using road vehicles, with the following consequences: - the place of these vehicles in our society is such that it can be described as a society largely built around and for cars, - these vehicles are manufactured in such a way as to propose very large series of products, at an optimal cost for the stakeholders, in particular car manufacturers and parts suppliers, who operate on a global scale. This type of development now runs the risk of reaching its limits due to its generalisation around the world and its impact on global warming. The threats to society are seen in: - a very strong resistance to controlling, let alone cutting back CO2 emissions from transport in developed countries, - sharply rising CO2 emissions in this sector, most notably on a global scale, with the growth of vehicle fleets (passenger cars in particular) in emerging-economy countries, - a nearly total dependence on fossil fuels, especially petroleum. Governments engaged in the fight against the greenhouse effect face a difficult challenge that requires solutions to widely varying problems: - environmental issues (for example forthcoming regulations for pollutants and CO2, modal transfer policies, mobility management policies), - economic issues: the large proportion of motor industry jobs in industrial employment or the economic models for alternative solutions (funding of public transport, urban planning, deployment of electrical recharging stations, etc.), - regulatory issues tied to our car-aligned transport system (outlying urban areas deprived of public transport, security requirements, etc.), - the historic place occupied by cars in our cultural imagery, in which cars are linked to the acquisition of independence, freedom, power, etc. In order to develop technological innovations for improving the greenhouse gas emissions report in a macro-economically difficult context, some industrialists have committed to alliance and unification mechanisms, therefore positioning themselves as key stakeholders in terms of members, solutions or systems for the electrification of automotive traction. Indeed, industrial stakeholders are experiencing significant changes which should be supported. These developments are led by the emergence of new growth models involving: - on the one hand the creation of technological innovations targeting the creation of additional functions for vehicles, - on the other hand the development of added values via mobility service offers to meet new needs expressed in terms of travel. Moreover, support from the State, in particular via the Research Demonstrator Fund, has led to experiments with innovative concepts for components and advanced drive systems. Today, these technological demonstrations must move on to the pre-industrialisation phase so as to assess their suitability to the current market developments or to test their capacity to trigger developments within the market. The Future Investments Vehicle of the Future program will cross this threshold for industrialising these new clean, energy-saving technologies by its use of: - the progress made by the Research Demonstrator Fund and feasibility demonstrations performed on fully or partially electrified vehicles, - the actions undertaken in terms of new mobility and services via the CEI 'Mobility: daily passenger transport and final routing of goods' within the scope of the Future Investments program.