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[en] Conclusions: • The GFR concept is attractive as it avoids the coolant handling issues associated with liquid metal-cooled fast reactors: - Helium chemically inert; - Excellent nuclear stability avoids activation of the coolant; - Transparent coolant permits simple inspection and repair. • GFR offers a high temperature heat source for high efficiency electricity generation and high-quality process heat. • The main technical challenges lie in the development of a high-temperature, high-power density fuel and in the development of robust decay heat removal systems.
[en] HES Potential Benefits: • Effective Integration of RES; • Overcome intermittency challenges; • NPP as beyond base load; • Enhanced efficiency; • Cogeneration application; • Infrastructure compatible product.
[en] Last week, Japanese people had a so sad memory of day, March 11th, on the huge earthquake, tsunami, and 1F accident. So many people, more than 40,000, are still evacuated from their hometown due to the influence of the radio active materials released by 1F accident. Nuclear engineers and researchers, not only in Japan but over the world, thought again how the safety of nuclear is significant and our responsibility. Today, it is our great opportunity to discuss not only for safety but also sustainable and clean energy supply systems using nuclear, together with IAEA specialists and GIF members.
[en] The 13. GIF-IAEA Interface Meeting was held in Vienna, Austria from 18-19 March 2019. The objectives of the Meeting were as follows: • Exchange information on the progress, status and future plans of activities related to RD&D and technology innovations of NES, including Gen IV reactors; • Monitor progress and update status of action items agreed in the previous interface meeting; and • Continue exploring new potential areas for cooperation, identifying action items and establishing priorities for further consideration.
[en] Technology Development for HTGRs: Objectives: • Foster international exchange of information related to advances in GCR technology; • Provide a forum for the collaboration of R&D efforts related to GCR technology; • Support Member States by providing an understanding of state-of-the-art GCR technology; • Focus on modular HTGRs. Activities: • Plan and organize Consultancy and Technical Meetings; • Manage Coordinated Research Projects (CRPs); • Make contributions to the Advanced Reactor Information System (ARIS) and the SMR booklet; • Coordinate efforts with other sections and International Organizations; manage Technical Working Groups (TWGs) for Gas Cooled reactors to help develop future project activities.
[en] This meeting is an excellent venue to exchange information on next generation reactor development activities and to review the status of cooperation between the GIF and the IAEA. Interest in Small Modular Reactors continue to grow and many of these reactor designs are based on the advanced reactor technologies we will discuss this week. For example - the IAEA will conduct a Technical Meeting on the Benefits and Challenges of Fast Reactors of SMR Type in September, and - the joint ICTP/IAEA workshop in October will be on Physics and Technology of Innovative High Temperature Nuclear Energy Systems. We further look forward to discussing cooperation in several crosscutting areas, such as the opportunities and challenges for advanced nuclear reactors in future power markets. The Interface Meetings held so far testify to continued mutual interest and steady cooperation between GIF and the IAEA. This dialogue creates an important link between the Agency's diverse efforts to support Member States and an important international R&D collaboration among several leading nuclear technology nations.
[en] PRPP Working Group Objectives: • Facilitate introduction of PRPP features into the design process at the earliest possible stage of concept development. → PRPP by design: • Assure that PRPP results are an aid to informing decisions by policy makers in areas involving safety, economics, sustainability, and related institutional and legal issues. “Generation IV nuclear energy systems will increase the assurance that they are a very unattractive and the least desirable route for diversion or theft of weapons-usable materials, and provide increased physical protection against acts of terrorism.”
[en] Conclusion: • The objective of the new INPRO Service is to provide assistance, training and consultancy to Member States in regional and national long-term nuclear energy system analysis and strategic planning taking into account the potential of technical innovation and cooperation among countries. • The possible mechanism of delivering INPRO services in this area could be either national, regional or coordinated services provided to a set of nuclear trade partners as a group – or self selecting potential partners. • Distance training and on line consultations can be implemented efficiently upon request of Member States. • This new service would join NESA as an integrated service provided to Member States by the INPRO Section.
[en] Safety Design Guidelines Development: Fundamental safety principles and common safety goals for all Gen-IV systems. A set of criteria reflecting GIF safety approach to achieve harmonized safety requirements of SFR system. A set of guidelines on how to implement the design criteria and address SFR-specific safety topics. Domestic regulations for design of reactor core, cooling system, and other structures, systems, and components.
[en] GIF-IAEA Cooperation Areas: • Evaluation methodologies: – PR&PP, Safety, Economics. • Specific topical areas: – LMFR, VHTR, MSR, SCWR; – Non-electrical applications; – Education and training; – R&D infrastructure; – Modelling and simulation; • Participation in meetings.