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[en] Regulatory Framework - National Regulations: Decree on licensing of nuclear facilities; About 40 regulation 25 of which are related to the nuclear facilities and activities; All regulations are under revision to ensure conformance with new regulatory infrastructure and framework and to update in accordance with latest IAEA requirements; Five Guidelines for the applicants; About 25 internal procedures, including review and assessment guidelines and Project Management Plans for ongoing authorization projects. Safety Regime - Bilateral Peaceful Use: USA, Canada, France, South Korea, Russia, Argentine, Germany, China, Jordan, Japan. Multilateral Safety Related: Nuclear Safety Convention; Paris Convention on Liability; Joint Protocol Relating to the Application of the Vienna Convention and the Paris Convention; Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency; Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident; Joint Convention on Management of Spent Fuel and Management of Radioactive Waste (signed but not ratified yet non technical reason). Multilateral Security Related: Treaty on the Non proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; Convention on The Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (ratification of Amendment to CPPNM is in - Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty - International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. Safeguards: Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of Turkey and the IAEA for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with NPT; Protocol Additional to the Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of Turkey and the IAEA for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with NPT.
[en] Two Decades of Regulatory Oversight Experience: Licensing and Oversight of Seven (7) nuclear power plant units; Licensing of NPP Operating Personnel; Licensing of Design and Manufacturing Organizations; Licensing of diverse types of Radiation Facilities; Training and Capacity building of Regulatory Staff and Stakeholders; Emergency Response Coordination; Environmental Surveillance; International Cooperation. Regulatory Oversight Experience - Some Examples of Safety Improvements: Modification in seismic design of common raft of nuclear island from 0.2 g to 0.3 g by incorporating additional reinforcement (steel rebars) during the construction phase; Inclusion of indications of bypass/inoperable status of all safety system and alarms for engineered safety actuation system in operator workstation; Modification in design to prevent airlock of containment spray and low head safety injection pumps during recirculation phase cooling; Installation of thermal fatigue monitoring system to assess the degradation of safety class piping due to thermal stratification. Challenges: Expansion in the Scope of Regulatory Activities; Building Capacity for Regulating Emerging Technologies; Strengthen Interaction with interested Parties. Way Forward: Perform an effective regulatory oversight to ensure that an acceptable level of safety is maintained by licensed facilities and activities; Strive for continuous improvement monitored through internal audits, self assessment and peer reviews by external organizations; Need to enhance the capacity to keep abreast with the expansion and technological developments; Efforts to be continued for enhancing interaction with stakeholders and international cooperation.
[en] New Publication - TECDOC: Objective is to present the experiences of the Member States in building or expanding their regulatory framework for a nuclear power programme. Outline: IAEA Phased Approach to Build Regulatory Framework; Case Studies from four advanced newcomer countries and one expanding country; Legal framework and international commitments; Development of regulatory body: independence, funding, management, HRD and competency, use of external support, implementation of core regulatory functions, responsibilities in the areas of safety, security and safeguards; Challenges and lessons learned; Analysis of the case studies; Common observations, discussed in a Technical Meeting in June 2019. Key observations - Countries embarking on nuclear power programmes have following several key concepts to build and implement the regulatory framework: Use of IAEA safety standards and security guidance as first iteration for regulatory framework; Gradual development of national regulations and guides; Close cooperation between the Regulatory Bodies of the country of origin and the recipient country including the utilization of demonstrated design and the codes and standards in the country of origin; Use of external technical support; Use of IAEA peer reviews and advisory services as third party reviews.
[en] The final webinar in this series will focus on the coming IAEA TECDOC publication and address the experience of developing regulatory framework for countries initiating a new or expanding an existing nuclear power programme and show how the regulatory framework evolve with time throughout the phases of the IAEA Milestones Approach. Expert speakers from IAEA Member States will share their experiences in the area of building and implementing a national regulatory framework for the nuclear power programme.
[en] The UAE was the first Newcomer country to start building a large nuclear power plant in three decades: The Nuclear Construction of four units of the Barakah Nuclear Power Plant started simultaneously in 2012 - Sets a role model globally by achieving in a record time requirements needed to ensure its nuclear infrastructure was capable to support the programme through the highest levels on nuclear safety, security and non proliferation; The FANR issued also regulations for onsite as well as offsite nuclear emergency preparedness and response, and the combined onsite and offsite arrangements were put in place. EPREV including the follow up done; The country builds its national capacity for a sustainable operation simultaneously. Simulators in FANR and at site. Online monitoring of plant parameters are available at FANR as well as laboratories and monitoring systems; Highly experienced regulatory experts support the program in headquarter in Abu Dhabi and at site office in Barakah. Steps taken by FANR - Initial phase: The creation of the necessary skills and legally binding requirements for the safe siting, construction and design of the reactors to be built as well as for the needed security and non-proliferation arrangements; Evaluation: FANR evaluated the project based on a two step process, first construction license and then the operating license. This included further innovative design enhancements to address extreme conditions related to severe phenomena inside and outside the reactors. Systematic documentation and knowledge management built at FANR; Enhancement: Environmental effects on the reactors, as well as additional cooling and power supply measures enhanced. UAE specific factors and Fukushima impact. Making the most of synergy: The government signed international agreements & conventions supporting the programme developments; The agreements with the country of origin regulatory bodies which allowed FANR to leverage the work of the Korean regulators to license the reference plant in Korea, the Shin Kori 3 and 4 reactors; Support of the IAEA was instrumental in ensuring that the FANR approach to regulation kept with the best international practices; A pool of international experienced experts work hand in hand with local staff to develop regulations, conduct assessments and do inspections. Also the competence based framework for training and mentoring is essential for sustainability of FANR as a recognized nuclear regulator worldwide; FANR has over 30 agreements with international organizations & other regulatory bodies to exchange technical knowledge & build national capacity.
[en] Regulatory Infrastructure Development - IAEA Assistance: Facilitating implementation of legal instruments; Develop internationally recognized safety standards - Safety fundaments, requirements and guides, - Guidance on establishing safety infrastructure; Provide services for implementation of safety standards - Peer reviews services; Provide quality support and assistance to Member States developing safety infrastructure - Capacity building (training courses, workshops, fellowships and scientific visits); Facilitating exchange of regulatory and operating experience; Coordinate and collaborate effectively with other organizations; Facilitating stakeholders engagement, communication and public understanding