Results 1 - 2 of 2
Results 1 - 2 of 2. Search took: 0.016 seconds
|Sort by: date | relevance|
[en] After a brief presentation of the fundamental objectives of the road-map, this publication presents the vegetal chemistry sector (definition of biomass, of a bio-sourced product, of a bio-refinery), defines the scope of this road-map (topical field, processes, environmental and energetic assessments, geographical scope and time horizon). Challenges and stakes are then addressed: access to resources, societal challenges, economic and industrial challenges, environmental stakes. Prospective visions are then discusses by 2020 and by 2050 (four scenarios for 2050). Then the report identifies and discusses the different types of deadlocks (organisational, social-economical and regulatory, technical, specific to the production of intermediate chemical products and of bio-sourced materials) to be removed. Needs in terms of R and D, demonstrators and technological platforms are then discussed regarding biomass production, processes, intermediate chemical products, bio-sources materials, functionalized products. Forms of development of the existing vegetal chemistry sectors are discussed: diversification of traditional industries, development of SMEs specialised in bio-technologies, development of new industrial units, public or private support initiatives (examples in Europe and in the USA, Japan, China and Malaysia).
[en] The thermal solar energy production is a promising and strongly growing sector. However, these technologies must be integrated to electric power systems, i.e. coupled with fossil-fired or biomass-fired plants, and the energy must be stored. This production can be either centralised or decentralised: this corresponds to different situations, different markets, different technologies and equipment (rows of mirrors to concentrate solar heat on a tube, linear Fresnel reflectors to concentrate solar heat on a tube, heliostats or mirrors which concentrate heat at the top of a tower, and parabolic disks which produce electricity with a Stirling gas engine at their focal point). This road-map focuses on electric power generation, and discusses key variables of the present market, proposes a vision for 2050, identifies objectives to be reached by 2015, and barriers to be removed, outlines the needs of demonstrators and their administrative framework.