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[en] To address the challenges posed by climate change, and to achieve the goals established in the 2015 Paris Agreement, nuclear power has been identified to have great potential to contribute to the 1.5°C climate change mitigation target. This topical conference on climate change and the role of nuclear power, the first of its kind, served as a unique forum for exchanging science-based information on the role of nuclear power in supporting the low carbon energy transformation and for conducting objective discussions on the opportunities and challenges of safe, secure and safeguarded nuclear technology development. The major themes of the conference covered energy and climate change policies, implications for the power sector, environmental perspectives and potential roles of existing, evolutionary and innovative nuclear power systems, including the integration of nuclear/renewable energy systems. In addition to nuclear power’s interim and long term contributions, some strategic and cross-cutting issues relating to public perception, regulations, markets and finance were also addressed. These proceedings provide a summary of the different plenary, technical and side event sessions as well as the full text of the speeches delivered in the opening, closing and high-level plenary sessions of the conference.
[en] Future NPPs will be discussed in the National Energy Plan: 1. National uranium reserves can serve more plants; 2. Fuel supply and cost stability; 3. Increasing need of baseload plants; 4. Safety and stability in generation; 5. Small area and proximity to load centers; 6. Non-emitting source.
[en] Wrap-up: • Further progress are underway to increase the technology readiness level of the six Generation IV systems; • New areas – Interest from the private sectors for advanced reactors; – Flexibility requirements • Advanced nuclear energy systems and innovative applications of nuclear technologies can provide solutions underpinning economic growth; • Generation IV systems offer additional features in terms of performance and sustainability compared to existing concepts; • The GIF calls on policymakers to acknowledge the real contribution that nuclear energy is making today to the mitigation of carbon emissions from the power sector, and to consider supporting the deployment of advanced reactors and innovative applications of nuclear technologies.
[en] Although there is no special law on climate change in Mongolia, there are other laws which support climate change related issues and activities. In other words, the climate change issues are reflected in related laws and programmes of Mongolia. However, policies and a legal framework on climate change are being considered in Mongolia. For example, the law on air, law on energy, law on forests, green development policy, sustainable development vision 2030 and the national action programme on climate change all reflect Mongolia’s adaptation and mitigation needs.
[en] There is no doubt that climate change is one of the most profound global challenges we face. The decisions we make in the next few years will affect the future of our planet for generations to come. The UK has a proud tradition of climate leadership but recognizes that a step change in action is needed in our own country and across the world. That is why this conference is so timely, and we thank the IAEA for convening it. On the 27th June, the UK government became the first major economy to set a legally binding target to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. We have made Clean Growth one of four ‘Grand Challenges’ to make the UK a world leader in emissions reductions whilst being a hub for jobs, investment and exports in new low-carbon sectors. We will continue to build on our strengths in areas such as nuclear innovation, offshore wind, smart systems, battery storage and green finance but in parallel drive efficiency of energy use and to ensure more sustainable consumption.
[en] As we come here together today, it is clear that we all have a very similar objective: we see a great need to transition the way we make and use electricity, a great need to address the concerns of people around the world about the climate. Where perhaps we disagree with some people is how to do that. But how to achieve that is really the principal question facing us around the world at this time. The single most important issue in facing climate change is what is the right mix of technologies and methods that will enable us to be successful.
[en] This week you will discuss how using nuclear power as a source of energy can help mitigate the effects of climate change. Today I would like to highlight how nuclear science can provide tools to monitor climate change and provide solutions for adaptation to its effects. In November 2018, the first IAEA Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Science and Technology concluded with the adoption of a Ministerial Declaration that stated: “10. We recognize the importance of the IAEA’s work in nuclear power applications, non-power applications of nuclear science and technology as well as in nuclear safety to monitor environmental changes to ecosystems and to assist Member States…in adapting to climate change impacts and in mitigating climate change as a global challenge”. It is useful to think of nuclear and isotopic techniques as precision tools that allow precise measurements. This ability to monitor changes in our surroundings to such an accurate level allows scientists to provide the key information decision makers need to monitor and protect their natural resources. In terms of monitoring the climate, a lot of our monitoring work is done through our four environment laboratories, three of which are located in Monaco, by the sea, and one, our Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, here in Austria. To help Member States better understand the amount of carbon being released into the oceans and atmosphere, the IAEA has recently developed a precise carbonate reference material. Its use in laboratories is improving the accuracy of emission measurements, and can therefore help Member States better estimate and manage their emissions. It is clear that the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere is rising — and by examining the isotopic ratios of the carbon we can also identify its precise origins.
[en] Argentina acknowledges climate change is one of this century’s major problems: the demand for accessible, safe and clean electric energy is currently increasing more than ever and while electricity consumption continues to rise, air pollution and greenhouse gas effect emissions must fall. It is clear that the energy industry is changing faster than ever and that there are plenty and complex challenges in the energy sector to be solved under the big transition that has to be done into diversified energetic matrixes. Argentina understands that the new technological improvements within the digital era are currently altering the supply and demand regarding the energy sector, implying new consumption patterns, and the need to develop creative partnerships, optimization methods and new industrial standards.
[en] Clean energy transition is crucial in combating climate change. With progress in technology, the world is entering an age of clean energy with less dependence on fossil fuels. The share of natural gas, nuclear energy, solar power, wind power and hydropower in energy production and consumption is increasing rapidly. In some countries, clean energies take 60% of the energy mix. However, hydropower is highly restricted by regional resources and wind and solar power also have natural constraints. They can hardly be main power producers without a breakthrough in energy storage technology. Also, nuclear power has been demonstrated to be an important option in replacing coal fired power. Based on these factors, nuclear power is an important baseload power source which avoids price fluctuations and grid safety risks from renewable energy. Nuclear energy will still be an integral part of the future energy mix.
[en] Climate Technocal Centre and Network (CTCN): • Supporting the deployment of climate technologies in developing countries with 152 country focal points and 250 implementing partners. • Leveraging UNIDO and UNEP expertise plus a global technology network of 500+ private sector and civil society organizations. • Providing demand-driven technical assistance and capacity building. • Sharing the largest source of online climate technology info in the world: www.ctc-n.org