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[en] The aim of this publication is to provide guidelines to Member States and relevant international organizations on processes and arrangements that may be implemented as part of emergency preparedness and response (EPR) arrangements to assist in harmonizing national EPR capabilities and international assistance, when requested so that the products of their response operations are comparable and compatible. This publication provides details on the types, contents and formats of data and mapping products that may be generated during a response to nuclear or radiological emergencies. The publication applies the safety principles stated in IAEA Safety Standards Series No. SF 1, Fundamental Safety Principles, primarily Principle 9 on EPR, and it will be of assistance to Member States in meeting the requirements established in IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GSR Part 7, Preparedness and Response for a Nuclear or Radiological Emergency. Requirement 17 of this publication establishes that the “government shall ensure that adequate arrangements are in place to benefit from, and to contribute to the provision of, international assistance for preparedness and response for a nuclear or radiological emergency.” As part of these arrangements, it is required that due account is taken of the “compatibility requirements for the capabilities to be obtained from and to be rendered to different States so as to ensure the usefulness of these capabilities.” These guidelines are intended to help Member States to ensure that compatible response and assistance capabilities are in place. This publication is intended to be used by national authorities involved in emergency preparedness and response, and national response teams in all States. The guidelines provided need to be adapted to fit a State’s particular organizational arrangements, language, terminology, concept of operation, and capabilities. However, the products generated need to be compatible with the types and formats of the products described in this publication.
[en] This publication describes the mechanism for: - Facilitating the provision of international assistance in a nuclear or radiological emergency, regardless of its origin; - Cooperation between States, their Competent Authorities and the IAEA Secretariat in case international assistance is requested; - Promoting and supporting cooperation between States to coordinate the provision of assistance to a requesting State; - Harmonization of response capabilities of States offering assistance under the Response and Assistance Network (RANET). The publication may also assist Competent Authorities and other response organizations in their efforts to establish and/or maintain their own emergency response capabilities.
[en] The Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident (Early Notification Convention) and the Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency (Assistance Convention) are the primary legal instruments that establish an international framework to facilitate the exchange of information and the prompt provision of assistance in the event of a nuclear or radiological incident or emergency, regardless of its origin, with the aim of minimizing the consequences. The IAEA has specific functions assigned to it under these Conventions. The arrangements provided between the IAEA Secretariat, IAEA Member States and/or Parties to one or both Conventions, relevant international intergovernmental organizations (hereinafter referred to as ‘international organizations’) and other States for facilitating the implementation of these Conventions — specifically concerning those articles that are operational in nature — are documented in the Operations Manual for Incident and Emergency Communication (EPR–IEComm). EPR–IEComm is the successor to the Emergency Notification and Assistance Technical Operations Manual (ENATOM), first issued on 18 January 1989. Since then, Member States, Parties to the Early Notification Convention and the Assistance Convention, relevant international organizations and other States have regularly received updates of the manual. EPR–IEComm covers the communication arrangements for points of contact identified under the Early Notification Convention and the Assistance Convention as well as the designated National Officers of the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES). Points of Contact, central authorities or Competent Authorities (CAs) identified under other relevant conventions under the auspices of the IAEA may also be guided by the communications arrangements for nuclear or radiological incident and emergency communication covered by IEComm. Since the last edition of EPR–IEComm was issued in 2012, several developments have warranted some modifications to the existing arrangements, such as: changes due to the lessons identified in exchanging information during incidents, emergencies and exercises; lessons identified in responding to requests for information and assistance; updates to the Unified System for Information Exchange in Incidents and Emergencies (USIE); and revision of the Joint Radiation Emergency Management Plan of the International Organizations (JPLAN).
[en] In March 2015, the IAEA’s Board of Governors approved IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GSR Part 7, Preparedness and Response for a Nuclear or Radiological Emergency, which was jointly sponsored by 13 international organizations. GSR Part 7 establishes requirements for an adequate level of preparedness for and response to a nuclear or radiological emergency, irrespective of the initiator of the emergency. As part of these safety requirements, governments are required to ensure that “protection strategies are developed, justified and optimized at the preparedness stage for taking protective actions and other response actions effectively in a nuclear or radiological emergency”, which is also a requirement of the IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GSR Part 3, Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety Standards. In line with these requirements, the IAEA General Conference in 2018, in resolution GC(62)/RES/6, encouraged Member States “to ensure that radiation protection strategies are developed, justified and optimized to enable effective protective actions to be taken in a timely manner, during a nuclear or radiological emergency”. Moreover, it requested the Secretariat to provide assistance, upon request, to Member States in this regard. This publication within the Emergency Preparedness and Response Series is intended to assist Member States in the application of Requirement 5 of GSR Part 7 and Requirement 44 of GSR Part 3. It provides practical guidance on and a stepwise approach to the development, justification and optimization of a protection strategy for a nuclear or radiological emergency, the implementation of the concepts of reference levels and generic criteria in the strategy, and the implementation of the strategy during an emergency response. It also elaborates on the planning basis necessary to support the development of a justified and optimized protection strategy as well as on the processes of justification and optimization to be applied by responsible authorities in a State. Finally, this publication provides a template outline of a protection strategy that can be used by States when developing their protection strategy and an example of a protection strategy for postulated nuclear or radiological emergencies.
[en] This manual provides details of the IAEA assessment and prognosis process, including its technical basis. It is complemented by a dedicated website, which provides access to assessment and prognosis tools and procedures. These tools provide a detailed technical workflow that is populated based on information submitted by the Accident State during a nuclear or radiological incident or emergency. This manual also serves as a companion publication to the Operations Manual for Incident and Emergency Communication (EPR–IEComm 2019), which contains a full documentation of the communication procedures for Contact Points identified under the Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident and the Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency
[en] This publication is an attachment to EPR–IEComm (2019). It provides general operational instructions for the International Radiation Monitoring Information System (IRMIS) and information on its concept, description and scope. IRMIS is a client–server based web application that provides Member States a tool to share and visualize large quantities of radiation monitoring data during routine and emergency situations.
[en] This publication is issued as an attachment to Operations Manual for Incident and Emergency Communication, EPR–IEComm (2019). The publication is meant to serve as a reference for those organizations that are planning to develop emergency information exchange systems based on the International Radiological Information Exchange (IRIX) Format. It provides a reference for the information analysts who are to map the information and data models used internally in national and international organizations onto the IRIX Format structure, and for the software developers who will develop or extend existing information systems to be used for exchanging information with other organizations using the IRIX Format. Companies producing radiation monitoring equipment may use the publication as reference in the development of IRIX native or IRIX compatible data output, which will readily allow integration with the IAEA’s International Radiation Monitoring Information System (IRMIS), which provides a mechanism for the global exchange of radiation monitoring data in emergencies and makes these data available to IAEA Member States.
[en] This Joint Emergency Management Plan of the International Organizations (Joint Plan) describes the interagency framework of preparedness for and response to an actual, potential or perceived nuclear or radiological emergency independent of whether it arises from an accident, natural disaster, negligence, nuclear security event or any other cause. The IAEA is the main coordinating body for development and maintenance of the Joint Plan. The Joint Plan is intended to support and underpin the efforts of national governments and seeks to ensure a coordinated and harmonized international response to nuclear or radiological emergencies. It is not intended to interfere with or replace the emergency preparedness and response arrangements of international organizations (or States).
[en] This annex provides an example of a protection strategy for a nuclear or radiological emergency. The example protection strategy has been developed using the outline given in Appendix II and is intended to help States identify the relevant information to be given in a strategy, as foreseen in this document, notwithstanding the fact that the level of information and details to be given in the national protection strategy will be driven by the national emergency preparedness and response framework.
[en] According to para. 4.20 of IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GSR Part 7, Preparedness and Response for a Nuclear or Radiological Emergency: “The government shall ensure that for facilities and activities, a hazard assessment on the basis of a graded approach is performed. The hazard assessment shall include consideration of...[e]vents involving a combination of a nuclear or radiological emergency with a conventional emergency such as an emergency following an earthquake, a volcanic eruption, a tropical cyclone, severe weather, a tsunami, an aircraft crash or civil disturbances that could affect wide areas and/or could impair capabilities to provide support in the emergency response”. This publication supports IAEA Member States in preparing for and responding to a nuclear or radiological emergency combined with other incidents or emergencies, such as a nuclear or radiological emergency initiated and/or affected by conventional emergencies, natural events and/or security events (referred to as a ‘combined emergency’), by describing possible challenges in meeting the emergency preparedness and response requirements established in GSR Part 7 for such circumstances.